In oenology, fungoid chitosan (CH) can be used as an adjuvant for microbial control, haziness prevention, metal chelation, and ochratoxin removal. In acidic media (such as wine), CH can ionise and interact with charged compounds, giving rise to a series of adsorption and/or removal phenomena, some of which potentially impairing the overall quality of wines. In this context, it is worth noting that the interaction between CH and acidic components of wines has been poorly studied so far, and detailed information on this subject is still lacking. To study those interactions, different doses of chitosan (0.5; 1.0; 2.0 g/L) were dispersed in hydro-alcoholic solution (HS), synthetic wine solution (SW), and white wine (W). Results demonstrated that the remotion of tartaric acid and the change of pH were strongly affected by the matrix and dosage. In W and SW, chitosan was found to adsorb tartaric acid up to about 200 mg/g and 350 mg/g CH, respectively. Accordingly, pH values increased; however, the magnitude depended on the matrix as a consequence of different buffer capacities. Interestingly, even in the absence of tartaric acid (e.g. in HS samples) CH addition caused a pH increase (up to 1.2 units for 2 g/L CH addition) which demonstrated that pH variations may not only depend on the amount of organic acids adsorbed. The chitosan dispersed in W showed the highest average diameter D [3,2] (127.96 μm) compared to the ones dispersed in SW (120.81 μm) and in HS (116.26 μm), probably due to the presence of organic acids on the polymer surface. The minor removal of tartaric acid in W compared to SW could probably depend on the competitive adsorption onto chitosan of other families of compounds present in wine such as polyphenols. The data suggested that chitosan addition could affect the pH and organic acid concentration of all matrices, depending on the doses and composition of the solutions.

Gruppi, A., Romanini, E., Bassani, A., Lambri, M., Chinnici, F., Gabrielli, M., Adsorption Capabilities of Fungoid Chitosan Toward Organic Acids in Model Solutions and White Wine, <<FOOD AND BIOPROCESS TECHNOLOGY>>, 2023; (9): 1-12. [doi:10.1007/s11947-023-03135-9] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/256537]

Adsorption Capabilities of Fungoid Chitosan Toward Organic Acids in Model Solutions and White Wine

Gruppi, Alice
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Romanini, Elia
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Bassani, Andrea
Methodology
;
Lambri, Milena
Conceptualization
;
Gabrielli, Mario
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
2023

Abstract

In oenology, fungoid chitosan (CH) can be used as an adjuvant for microbial control, haziness prevention, metal chelation, and ochratoxin removal. In acidic media (such as wine), CH can ionise and interact with charged compounds, giving rise to a series of adsorption and/or removal phenomena, some of which potentially impairing the overall quality of wines. In this context, it is worth noting that the interaction between CH and acidic components of wines has been poorly studied so far, and detailed information on this subject is still lacking. To study those interactions, different doses of chitosan (0.5; 1.0; 2.0 g/L) were dispersed in hydro-alcoholic solution (HS), synthetic wine solution (SW), and white wine (W). Results demonstrated that the remotion of tartaric acid and the change of pH were strongly affected by the matrix and dosage. In W and SW, chitosan was found to adsorb tartaric acid up to about 200 mg/g and 350 mg/g CH, respectively. Accordingly, pH values increased; however, the magnitude depended on the matrix as a consequence of different buffer capacities. Interestingly, even in the absence of tartaric acid (e.g. in HS samples) CH addition caused a pH increase (up to 1.2 units for 2 g/L CH addition) which demonstrated that pH variations may not only depend on the amount of organic acids adsorbed. The chitosan dispersed in W showed the highest average diameter D [3,2] (127.96 μm) compared to the ones dispersed in SW (120.81 μm) and in HS (116.26 μm), probably due to the presence of organic acids on the polymer surface. The minor removal of tartaric acid in W compared to SW could probably depend on the competitive adsorption onto chitosan of other families of compounds present in wine such as polyphenols. The data suggested that chitosan addition could affect the pH and organic acid concentration of all matrices, depending on the doses and composition of the solutions.
2023
Inglese
Gruppi, A., Romanini, E., Bassani, A., Lambri, M., Chinnici, F., Gabrielli, M., Adsorption Capabilities of Fungoid Chitosan Toward Organic Acids in Model Solutions and White Wine, <<FOOD AND BIOPROCESS TECHNOLOGY>>, 2023; (9): 1-12. [doi:10.1007/s11947-023-03135-9] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/256537]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/256537
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