Mycotoxin represents a significant concern for the safety of food and feed products, and wheat represents one of the most susceptible crops. To manage this issue, fast, reliable, and low-cost test methods are needed for regulated mycotoxins. This study aimed to assess the potential use of the electronic nose for the early identification of wheat samples contaminated with deoxynivalenol (DON) above a fixed threshold. A total of 214 wheat samples were collected from commercial fields in northern Italy during the periods 2014-2015 and 2017-2018 and analyzed for DON contamination with a conventional method (GC-MS) and using a portable e-nose "AIR PEN 3" (Airsense Analytics GmbH, Schwerin, Germany), equipped with 10 metal oxide sensors for different categories of volatile substances. The Machine Learning approach "Classification and regression trees" (CART) was used to categorize samples according to four DON contamination thresholds (1750, 1250, 750, and 500 mu g/kg). Overall, this process yielded an accuracy of >83% (correct prediction of DON levels in wheat samples). These findings suggest that the e-nose combined with CART can be an effective quick method to distinguish between compliant and DON-contaminated wheat lots. Further validation including more samples above the legal limits is desirable before concluding the validity of the method.

Camardo Leggieri, M., Mazzoni, M., Bertuzzi, T., Moschini, M., Prandini, A., Battilani, P., Electronic Nose for the Rapid Detection of Deoxynivalenol in Wheat Using Classification and Regression Trees, <<TOXINS>>, 2022; 14 (9): 1-11. [doi:10.3390/toxins14090617] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/216084]

Electronic Nose for the Rapid Detection of Deoxynivalenol in Wheat Using Classification and Regression Trees

Camardo Leggieri, Marco;Bertuzzi, Terenzio;Moschini, Maurizio;Prandini, Aldo;Battilani, Paola
2022

Abstract

Mycotoxin represents a significant concern for the safety of food and feed products, and wheat represents one of the most susceptible crops. To manage this issue, fast, reliable, and low-cost test methods are needed for regulated mycotoxins. This study aimed to assess the potential use of the electronic nose for the early identification of wheat samples contaminated with deoxynivalenol (DON) above a fixed threshold. A total of 214 wheat samples were collected from commercial fields in northern Italy during the periods 2014-2015 and 2017-2018 and analyzed for DON contamination with a conventional method (GC-MS) and using a portable e-nose "AIR PEN 3" (Airsense Analytics GmbH, Schwerin, Germany), equipped with 10 metal oxide sensors for different categories of volatile substances. The Machine Learning approach "Classification and regression trees" (CART) was used to categorize samples according to four DON contamination thresholds (1750, 1250, 750, and 500 mu g/kg). Overall, this process yielded an accuracy of >83% (correct prediction of DON levels in wheat samples). These findings suggest that the e-nose combined with CART can be an effective quick method to distinguish between compliant and DON-contaminated wheat lots. Further validation including more samples above the legal limits is desirable before concluding the validity of the method.
Inglese
Camardo Leggieri, M., Mazzoni, M., Bertuzzi, T., Moschini, M., Prandini, A., Battilani, P., Electronic Nose for the Rapid Detection of Deoxynivalenol in Wheat Using Classification and Regression Trees, <<TOXINS>>, 2022; 14 (9): 1-11. [doi:10.3390/toxins14090617] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/216084]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/216084
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