The effect of autohydrolysis (AH) temperature (165 °C, 195 °C, 225 °C) on the structure, purity, and recovery yield of the cellulose residue isolated after additional alkaline and bleaching steps from wheat straw, was investigated. The processes were quantified for mass yields in the different steps and for antioxidants and sugars release during AH. AH at 195 °C allowed for the highest cellulose residue yield (83.5%) with purity (∼70%) and structure similar to the other residues. FTIR and XRD analyses showed straw cellulose (SC) with a type II polymorphism and crystallinity index increasing with AH temperature. SC obtained at the end of the entire fractionation process (SC-195 °C) starting from AH residue-195 °C was tested as a reinforcing agent in different percentage (0, 2 and 5% by weight) in poly(butylene adipate-co-terephthalate) (PBAT) films. The Young's modulus of the films increased by ∼17% with 5 wt% cellulose, while tensile strength and elongation at break decreased.

Fiorentini, C., Bassani, A., Duserm Garrido, G., Merino, D., Perotto, G., Athanassiou, A., Perantie, J., Halonen, N., Spigno, G., High-pressure autohydrolysis process of wheat straw for cellulose recovery and subsequent use in PBAT composites preparation, <<BIOCATALYSIS AND AGRICULTURAL BIOTECHNOLOGY>>, 2022; 39 (N/A): N/A-N/A. [doi:10.1016/j.bcab.2022.102282] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/204484]

High-pressure autohydrolysis process of wheat straw for cellulose recovery and subsequent use in PBAT composites preparation

Fiorentini;C.; Bassani;A.; Duserm Garrido;N.; Spigno
2022

Abstract

The effect of autohydrolysis (AH) temperature (165 °C, 195 °C, 225 °C) on the structure, purity, and recovery yield of the cellulose residue isolated after additional alkaline and bleaching steps from wheat straw, was investigated. The processes were quantified for mass yields in the different steps and for antioxidants and sugars release during AH. AH at 195 °C allowed for the highest cellulose residue yield (83.5%) with purity (∼70%) and structure similar to the other residues. FTIR and XRD analyses showed straw cellulose (SC) with a type II polymorphism and crystallinity index increasing with AH temperature. SC obtained at the end of the entire fractionation process (SC-195 °C) starting from AH residue-195 °C was tested as a reinforcing agent in different percentage (0, 2 and 5% by weight) in poly(butylene adipate-co-terephthalate) (PBAT) films. The Young's modulus of the films increased by ∼17% with 5 wt% cellulose, while tensile strength and elongation at break decreased.
Inglese
Fiorentini, C., Bassani, A., Duserm Garrido, G., Merino, D., Perotto, G., Athanassiou, A., Perantie, J., Halonen, N., Spigno, G., High-pressure autohydrolysis process of wheat straw for cellulose recovery and subsequent use in PBAT composites preparation, <<BIOCATALYSIS AND AGRICULTURAL BIOTECHNOLOGY>>, 2022; 39 (N/A): N/A-N/A. [doi:10.1016/j.bcab.2022.102282] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/204484]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/204484
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