Objective: To apply next-generation sequencing (NGS) for the investigation of the genetic basis of undiagnosed muscular dystrophies and myopathies in a very large cohort of patients. Methods: We applied an NGS-based platform namedMotorPlex to our diagnostic workflow to test muscle disease genes with a high sensitivity and specificity for small DNA variants. We analyzed 504 undiagnosed patients mostly referred as being affected by limb-girdle muscular dystrophy or congenital myopathy. Results: MotorPlex provided a complete molecular diagnosis in 218 cases (43.3%). A further 160 patients (31.7%) showed as yet unproven candidate variants. Pathogenic variants were found in 47 of 93 genes, and in more than 30%of cases, the phenotype was nonconventional, broadening the spectrum of disease presentation in at least 10 genes. Conclusions: Our large DNA study of patients with undiagnosed myopathy is an example of the ongoing revolution in molecular diagnostics, highlighting the advantages in using NGS as a first-tier approach for heterogeneous genetic conditions.

Savarese, M., Di Fruscio, G., Torella, A., Fiorillo, C., Magri, F., Fanin, M., Ruggiero, L., Ricci, G., Astrea, G., Passamano, L., Ruggieri, A., Ronchi, D., Tasca, G., D'amico, A., Janssens, S., Farina, O., Mutarelli, M., Marwah, V. S., Garofalo, A., Giugliano, T., Sanpaolo, S., Del Vecchio Blanco, F., Esposito, G., Piluso, G., D'ambrosio, P., Petillo, R., Musumeci, O., Rodolico, C., Messina, S., Evilä, A., Hackman, P., Filosto, M., Di Iorio, G., Siciliano, G., Mora, M., Maggi, L., Minetti, C., Sacconi, S., Santoro, L., Claes, K., Vercelli, L., Mongini, T., Ricci, E., Gualandi, F., Tupler, R., De Bleecker, J., Udd, B., Toscano, A., Moggio, M., Pegoraro, E., Bertini, E. S., Mercuri, E. M., Angelini, C., Santorelli, F. M., Politano, L., Bruno, C., Comi, G. P., Nigro, V., The genetic basis of undiagnosed muscular dystrophies and myopathies, <<NEUROLOGY>>, 2016; 87 (1): 71-76. [doi:10.1212/WNL.0000000000002800] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/93155]

The genetic basis of undiagnosed muscular dystrophies and myopathies

Tasca, Giorgio;D'Amico, Adele;Ricci, Enzo;Bertini, Enrico Silvio;Mercuri, Eugenio Maria;
2016

Abstract

Objective: To apply next-generation sequencing (NGS) for the investigation of the genetic basis of undiagnosed muscular dystrophies and myopathies in a very large cohort of patients. Methods: We applied an NGS-based platform namedMotorPlex to our diagnostic workflow to test muscle disease genes with a high sensitivity and specificity for small DNA variants. We analyzed 504 undiagnosed patients mostly referred as being affected by limb-girdle muscular dystrophy or congenital myopathy. Results: MotorPlex provided a complete molecular diagnosis in 218 cases (43.3%). A further 160 patients (31.7%) showed as yet unproven candidate variants. Pathogenic variants were found in 47 of 93 genes, and in more than 30%of cases, the phenotype was nonconventional, broadening the spectrum of disease presentation in at least 10 genes. Conclusions: Our large DNA study of patients with undiagnosed myopathy is an example of the ongoing revolution in molecular diagnostics, highlighting the advantages in using NGS as a first-tier approach for heterogeneous genetic conditions.
eng
http://www.neurology.org
Savarese, M., Di Fruscio, G., Torella, A., Fiorillo, C., Magri, F., Fanin, M., Ruggiero, L., Ricci, G., Astrea, G., Passamano, L., Ruggieri, A., Ronchi, D., Tasca, G., D'amico, A., Janssens, S., Farina, O., Mutarelli, M., Marwah, V. S., Garofalo, A., Giugliano, T., Sanpaolo, S., Del Vecchio Blanco, F., Esposito, G., Piluso, G., D'ambrosio, P., Petillo, R., Musumeci, O., Rodolico, C., Messina, S., Evilä, A., Hackman, P., Filosto, M., Di Iorio, G., Siciliano, G., Mora, M., Maggi, L., Minetti, C., Sacconi, S., Santoro, L., Claes, K., Vercelli, L., Mongini, T., Ricci, E., Gualandi, F., Tupler, R., De Bleecker, J., Udd, B., Toscano, A., Moggio, M., Pegoraro, E., Bertini, E. S., Mercuri, E. M., Angelini, C., Santorelli, F. M., Politano, L., Bruno, C., Comi, G. P., Nigro, V., The genetic basis of undiagnosed muscular dystrophies and myopathies, <>, 2016; 87 (1): 71-76. [doi:10.1212/WNL.0000000000002800] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/93155]
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