CHARGE syndrome (CS) is a rare genetic disease causing multiple anatomical defects and sensory impairment. Visual function is usually reported by caregivers and has never been described with a structured behavioral assessment. Our primary objective was to describe ocular abnormalities, visual function and genotype–ocular-phenotype correlation in CS. A prospective monocentric cohort study was performed on 14 children with CS carrying pathogenic CHD7 variants. All children underwent ophthalmological evaluation and structured behavioral assessment of visual function. The VISIOCHARGE questionnaire was administered to parents. Colobomas were present in 93% of patients. Genotype–phenotype correlation documented mitigated features in a subset of patients with intronic pathogenic variants predicted to affect transcript processing, and severe features in patients with frameshift/nonsense variants predicting protein truncation at the N-terminus. Abnormal visual function was present in all subjects, with different degrees of impairment. A significant correlation was found between visual function and age at assessment (p-value = 0.025). The present data are the first to characterize visual function in CS patients. They suggest that hypomorphic variants might be associated with milder features, and that visual function appears to be related to age. While studies with larger cohorts are required for confirmation, our data indicate that experience appears to influence everyday use of visual function more than ocular abnormalities do.

Onesimo, R., Ricci, D., Agazzi, C., Leone, S., Petrianni, M., Orazi, L., Amore, F., Salerni, A., Leoni, C., Chieffo, D., Tartaglia, M., Mercuri, E., Zampino, G., Visual function and ophthalmological findings in CHARGE syndrome: Revision of literature, definition of a new clinical spectrum and genotype phenotype correlation, <<GENES>>, 2021; 12 (7): 1-14. [doi:10.3390/genes12070972] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/205838]

Visual function and ophthalmological findings in CHARGE syndrome: Revision of literature, definition of a new clinical spectrum and genotype phenotype correlation

Onesimo, R.;Ricci, D.;Agazzi, C.;Petrianni, M.;Orazi, L.;Amore, F.;Salerni, A.;Leoni, C.;Chieffo, D.;Mercuri, E.;Zampino, G.
2021

Abstract

CHARGE syndrome (CS) is a rare genetic disease causing multiple anatomical defects and sensory impairment. Visual function is usually reported by caregivers and has never been described with a structured behavioral assessment. Our primary objective was to describe ocular abnormalities, visual function and genotype–ocular-phenotype correlation in CS. A prospective monocentric cohort study was performed on 14 children with CS carrying pathogenic CHD7 variants. All children underwent ophthalmological evaluation and structured behavioral assessment of visual function. The VISIOCHARGE questionnaire was administered to parents. Colobomas were present in 93% of patients. Genotype–phenotype correlation documented mitigated features in a subset of patients with intronic pathogenic variants predicted to affect transcript processing, and severe features in patients with frameshift/nonsense variants predicting protein truncation at the N-terminus. Abnormal visual function was present in all subjects, with different degrees of impairment. A significant correlation was found between visual function and age at assessment (p-value = 0.025). The present data are the first to characterize visual function in CS patients. They suggest that hypomorphic variants might be associated with milder features, and that visual function appears to be related to age. While studies with larger cohorts are required for confirmation, our data indicate that experience appears to influence everyday use of visual function more than ocular abnormalities do.
Inglese
Onesimo, R., Ricci, D., Agazzi, C., Leone, S., Petrianni, M., Orazi, L., Amore, F., Salerni, A., Leoni, C., Chieffo, D., Tartaglia, M., Mercuri, E., Zampino, G., Visual function and ophthalmological findings in CHARGE syndrome: Revision of literature, definition of a new clinical spectrum and genotype phenotype correlation, <<GENES>>, 2021; 12 (7): 1-14. [doi:10.3390/genes12070972] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/205838]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10807/205838
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