OBJECTIVE: To compare 2 different surgical approaches to treatment of patients with isolated predivisional stenosis of the left main coronary artery (IOSLM) and to evaluate the effect of chronic competitive flow from a patent arterial or venous graft to the circumflex system on the long-term patency of internal thoracic artery (ITA) to left anterior descending grafts. METHODS: Thirty-two patients with IOSLM were treated at our institutions during a 9-year period: 14 patients received double ITA grafts, whereas 18 underwent ITA graft plus saphenous vein (SV) bypass. All patients were reviewed clinically and angiographically at long-term follow-up. RESULTS: No patient died during hospitalization. At a mean follow-up of 96 ± 9 months 7 patients had died (6 from noncardiac causes) and 5 had experienced angina/ischemia recurrence, without differences between the 2 revascularization strategies. At control reangiography all ITA and SV grafts were found to be fully patent, without evidence of caliber reduction or string sign in the ITA. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with IOSLM, long-term ITA to left anterior descending artery patency is not jeopardized by chronic flow competition from a concomitant arterial or venous graft to the circumflex system. Notably, the addition of a second ITA graft or of a SV to the first ITA does not lead to differences in long-term angiographic patency. Our results minimize the role of flow competition in this setting and should be kept in mind when choosing the appropriate graft configuration.

Gaudino, M. F. L., Massetti, M., Farina, P., Hanet, C., Etienne, P., Mazza, A., Glineur, D., Chronic competitive flow from a patent arterial or venous graft to the circumflex system does not impair the long-term patency of internal thoracic artery to left anterior descending grafts in patients with isolated predivisional left main disease: Long-term angiographic results of 2 different revascularization strategies, <<JOURNAL OF THORACIC AND CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY>>, 2014; (Febbraio): 1856-1859. [doi:10.1016/j.jtcvs.2014.02.009] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/60786]

Chronic competitive flow from a patent arterial or venous graft to the circumflex system does not impair the long-term patency of internal thoracic artery to left anterior descending grafts in patients with isolated predivisional left main disease: Long-term angiographic results of 2 different revascularization strategies

Gaudino, Mario Fulvio Luigi;Massetti, Massimo;Farina, Piero;Mazza, Andrea;
2014

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To compare 2 different surgical approaches to treatment of patients with isolated predivisional stenosis of the left main coronary artery (IOSLM) and to evaluate the effect of chronic competitive flow from a patent arterial or venous graft to the circumflex system on the long-term patency of internal thoracic artery (ITA) to left anterior descending grafts. METHODS: Thirty-two patients with IOSLM were treated at our institutions during a 9-year period: 14 patients received double ITA grafts, whereas 18 underwent ITA graft plus saphenous vein (SV) bypass. All patients were reviewed clinically and angiographically at long-term follow-up. RESULTS: No patient died during hospitalization. At a mean follow-up of 96 ± 9 months 7 patients had died (6 from noncardiac causes) and 5 had experienced angina/ischemia recurrence, without differences between the 2 revascularization strategies. At control reangiography all ITA and SV grafts were found to be fully patent, without evidence of caliber reduction or string sign in the ITA. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with IOSLM, long-term ITA to left anterior descending artery patency is not jeopardized by chronic flow competition from a concomitant arterial or venous graft to the circumflex system. Notably, the addition of a second ITA graft or of a SV to the first ITA does not lead to differences in long-term angiographic patency. Our results minimize the role of flow competition in this setting and should be kept in mind when choosing the appropriate graft configuration.
Inglese
Gaudino, M. F. L., Massetti, M., Farina, P., Hanet, C., Etienne, P., Mazza, A., Glineur, D., Chronic competitive flow from a patent arterial or venous graft to the circumflex system does not impair the long-term patency of internal thoracic artery to left anterior descending grafts in patients with isolated predivisional left main disease: Long-term angiographic results of 2 different revascularization strategies, <>, 2014; (Febbraio): 1856-1859. [doi:10.1016/j.jtcvs.2014.02.009] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/60786]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10807/60786
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