A systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to assess the impact of radiotherapy on both 3- and 5-year survival in patients with resectable gastric cancer. METHODS: Randomized Clinical Trials (RCTs) in which radiotherapy, (preoperative, postoperative and/or intraoperative), was compared with surgery alone or surgery plus chemotherapy in resectable gastric cancer were identified by searching web-based databases and supplemented by manual examination of reference lists. Meta-analysis was performed using Risk Ratios (RRs). Random or fixed effects models were used to combine data. The methodological quality was evaluated by Chalmers' score. RESULTS: Radiotherapy had a significant impact on 5-year survival. Using an intent to treat (ITT) and a Per Protocol (PP) analysis, the overall 5-year RR was 1.26 (95% CI: 1.08-1.48; NNT=17) and 1.31 (95% CI: 1.04-1.66; NNT=13), respectively. Although the quality of the studies was variable, the data were consistent and no clear publication bias was found. CONCLUSION: This meta-analysis showed a statistically significant 5-year survival benefit with the addition of radiotherapy in patients with resectable gastric cancer. Radiotherapy remains a standard component in the treatment of resectable gastric cancer and new RCTs need to address the impact of new conformal radiotherapy technologies.

Valentini, V., Cellini, F., Minsky, B., Mattiucci, G. C., Balducci, M., D'Agostino, G. R., D'Angelo, E., Dinapoli, N., Nicolotti, N., Valentini, C., La Torre, G., Survival after radiotherapy in gastric cancer: systematic review and meta-analysis., <<RADIOTHERAPY AND ONCOLOGY>>, 2009; 2 (Agosto): N/A-N/A [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/28441]

Survival after radiotherapy in gastric cancer: systematic review and meta-analysis.

Valentini, Vincenzo;Cellini, Francesco;Mattiucci, Gian Carlo;Balducci, Mario;D'Agostino, Giuseppe Roberto;D'Angelo, Elisa;Dinapoli, Nicola;Nicolotti, Nicola;Valentini, Chiara;La Torre, Giuseppe
2009

Abstract

A systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to assess the impact of radiotherapy on both 3- and 5-year survival in patients with resectable gastric cancer. METHODS: Randomized Clinical Trials (RCTs) in which radiotherapy, (preoperative, postoperative and/or intraoperative), was compared with surgery alone or surgery plus chemotherapy in resectable gastric cancer were identified by searching web-based databases and supplemented by manual examination of reference lists. Meta-analysis was performed using Risk Ratios (RRs). Random or fixed effects models were used to combine data. The methodological quality was evaluated by Chalmers' score. RESULTS: Radiotherapy had a significant impact on 5-year survival. Using an intent to treat (ITT) and a Per Protocol (PP) analysis, the overall 5-year RR was 1.26 (95% CI: 1.08-1.48; NNT=17) and 1.31 (95% CI: 1.04-1.66; NNT=13), respectively. Although the quality of the studies was variable, the data were consistent and no clear publication bias was found. CONCLUSION: This meta-analysis showed a statistically significant 5-year survival benefit with the addition of radiotherapy in patients with resectable gastric cancer. Radiotherapy remains a standard component in the treatment of resectable gastric cancer and new RCTs need to address the impact of new conformal radiotherapy technologies.
Inglese
Valentini, V., Cellini, F., Minsky, B., Mattiucci, G. C., Balducci, M., D'Agostino, G. R., D'Angelo, E., Dinapoli, N., Nicolotti, N., Valentini, C., La Torre, G., Survival after radiotherapy in gastric cancer: systematic review and meta-analysis., <<RADIOTHERAPY AND ONCOLOGY>>, 2009; 2 (Agosto): N/A-N/A [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/28441]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/28441
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