This study examined the phytochemical profiles (mainly phenolics, carotenoids, and organosulfur compounds) and biological effects of hydroalcoholic extracts of Allium flavum (AF), a species of the Allium genus commonly known as small yellow onion. Unsupervised and supervised statistical approaches revealed clear differences between extracts prepared with samples collected from different areas of Romania. Overall, the AFFF (AF flowers collected from Faget) extract was the best source of polyphenols, also showing the highest antioxidant capacity evaluated through both in vitro DPPH, FRAP, and TEAC anti-radical scavenging assays and cell-based OxHLIA and TBARS assays. All the tested extracts exhibited & alpha;-glucosidase inhibition potential, while only the AFFF extract exhibited anti-lipase inhibitory activity. The phenolic subclasses annotated were positively correlated with the assessed antioxidant and enzyme inhibitory activities. Our findings suggested that A. flavum has bioactive properties worth exploring further, being a potential edible flower with health-promoting implications.

Moldovan, C., Frumuzachi, O., Babotă, M., Pinela, J., Barros, L., Rocchetti, G., López, V., Lucini, L., Crișan, G., Mocan, A., Untargeted phytochemical profiling and biological activity of small yellow onion (Allium flavum L.) from different regions of Romania, <<FOOD CHEMISTRY>>, 2023; 426 (N/A): 136503-N/A. [doi:10.1016/j.foodchem.2023.136503] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/259736]

Untargeted phytochemical profiling and biological activity of small yellow onion (Allium flavum L.) from different regions of Romania

Rocchetti, Gabriele
;
Lucini, Luigi;
2023

Abstract

This study examined the phytochemical profiles (mainly phenolics, carotenoids, and organosulfur compounds) and biological effects of hydroalcoholic extracts of Allium flavum (AF), a species of the Allium genus commonly known as small yellow onion. Unsupervised and supervised statistical approaches revealed clear differences between extracts prepared with samples collected from different areas of Romania. Overall, the AFFF (AF flowers collected from Faget) extract was the best source of polyphenols, also showing the highest antioxidant capacity evaluated through both in vitro DPPH, FRAP, and TEAC anti-radical scavenging assays and cell-based OxHLIA and TBARS assays. All the tested extracts exhibited & alpha;-glucosidase inhibition potential, while only the AFFF extract exhibited anti-lipase inhibitory activity. The phenolic subclasses annotated were positively correlated with the assessed antioxidant and enzyme inhibitory activities. Our findings suggested that A. flavum has bioactive properties worth exploring further, being a potential edible flower with health-promoting implications.
2023
Inglese
Moldovan, C., Frumuzachi, O., Babotă, M., Pinela, J., Barros, L., Rocchetti, G., López, V., Lucini, L., Crișan, G., Mocan, A., Untargeted phytochemical profiling and biological activity of small yellow onion (Allium flavum L.) from different regions of Romania, <<FOOD CHEMISTRY>>, 2023; 426 (N/A): 136503-N/A. [doi:10.1016/j.foodchem.2023.136503] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/259736]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/259736
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