Although autonomic dysfunction (AD) after the recovery from Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has been thoroughly described, few data are available regarding the involvement of the autonomic nervous system (ANS) during the acute phase of SARS-CoV-2 infection. The primary aim of this review was to summarize current knowledge regarding the AD occurring during acute COVID-19. Secondarily, we aimed to clarify the prognostic value of ANS involvement and the role of autonomic parameters in predicting SARS-CoV-2 infection. According to the PRISMA guidelines, we performed a systematic review across Scopus and PubMed databases, resulting in 1585 records. The records check and the analysis of included reports' references allowed us to include 22 articles. The studies were widely heterogeneous for study population, dysautonomia assessment, and COVID-19 severity. Heart rate variability was the tool most frequently chosen to analyze autonomic parameters, followed by automated pupillometry. Most studies found ANS involvement during acute COVID-19, and AD was often related to a worse outcome. Further studies are needed to clarify the role of autonomic parameters in predicting SARS-CoV-2 infection. The evidence emerging from this review suggests that a complex autonomic nervous system imbalance is a prominent feature of acute COVID-19, often leading to a poor prognosis.

Scala, I., Rizzo, P. A., Bellavia, S., Brunetti, V., Colò, F., Broccolini, A., Della Marca, G., Calabresi, P., Luigetti, M., Frisullo, G., Autonomic Dysfunction during Acute SARS-CoV-2 Infection: A Systematic Review, <<JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE>>, 2022; 11 (13): N/A-N/A. [doi:10.3390/jcm11133883] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/235235]

Autonomic Dysfunction during Acute SARS-CoV-2 Infection: A Systematic Review

Scala, Irene;Rizzo, Pier Andrea;Bellavia, Simone;Brunetti, Valerio;Broccolini, Aldobrando;Della Marca, Giacomo;Calabresi, Paolo;Luigetti, Marco;Frisullo, Giovanni
2022

Abstract

Although autonomic dysfunction (AD) after the recovery from Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has been thoroughly described, few data are available regarding the involvement of the autonomic nervous system (ANS) during the acute phase of SARS-CoV-2 infection. The primary aim of this review was to summarize current knowledge regarding the AD occurring during acute COVID-19. Secondarily, we aimed to clarify the prognostic value of ANS involvement and the role of autonomic parameters in predicting SARS-CoV-2 infection. According to the PRISMA guidelines, we performed a systematic review across Scopus and PubMed databases, resulting in 1585 records. The records check and the analysis of included reports' references allowed us to include 22 articles. The studies were widely heterogeneous for study population, dysautonomia assessment, and COVID-19 severity. Heart rate variability was the tool most frequently chosen to analyze autonomic parameters, followed by automated pupillometry. Most studies found ANS involvement during acute COVID-19, and AD was often related to a worse outcome. Further studies are needed to clarify the role of autonomic parameters in predicting SARS-CoV-2 infection. The evidence emerging from this review suggests that a complex autonomic nervous system imbalance is a prominent feature of acute COVID-19, often leading to a poor prognosis.
2022
Inglese
Scala, I., Rizzo, P. A., Bellavia, S., Brunetti, V., Colò, F., Broccolini, A., Della Marca, G., Calabresi, P., Luigetti, M., Frisullo, G., Autonomic Dysfunction during Acute SARS-CoV-2 Infection: A Systematic Review, <<JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE>>, 2022; 11 (13): N/A-N/A. [doi:10.3390/jcm11133883] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/235235]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/235235
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