Protein hydrolysates (PHs) are employed in agriculture to increase the sustainability of farming systems, with positive results on crop productivity and response against environmental stressors. Nevertheless, the molecular mechanism(s) triggered by their specific activity is not clearly understood. In this work, five PHs obtained by enzymatic hydrolysis of different vegetal protein sources were tested for their root-promoting activity on tomato cuttings. All the treatments improved both root length and number when compared to negative controls. Distinctive metabolomic signatures were highlighted in response to treatments, indicating the triggering of different molecular processes in leaf tissues of tomato cuttings. PHs differentially modulated the biosynthesis of plant stress-protectants, such as alkaloids and phenylpropanoids. Moreover, metabolites involved in phytohormone biosynthesis were significantly impacted. In this context, a clear modulation of several compounds related to auxin homeostasis was observed. In addition, the differential modulation of SlIAA2 and SlIAA9 genes, which are involved in the IAA signalling pathway, might further suggest the auxin-like activity elicited by the PHs tested. Here we provide evidence that PHs can impact plant molecular level, positively affecting root development, most likely by affecting the signalling cascades activated in leaf tissues. The biostimulant activity was sustained by PH-specific response at the molecular level, likely ascribable to their heterogeneous botanical origins. In fact, our findings did not point out a clear universal response to PHs, and specific effects are to be investigated.

Buffagni, V., Ceccarelli, A. V., Pii, Y., Miras Moreno, M. B., Rouphael, Y., Cardarelli, M., Colla, G., Lucini, L., The modulation of auxin-responsive genes, phytohormone profile, and metabolomic signature in leaves of tomato cuttings is specifically modulated by different protein hydrolysates, <<AGRONOMY>>, 2021; 11 (8): N/A-N/A. [doi:10.3390/agronomy11081524] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/232377]

The modulation of auxin-responsive genes, phytohormone profile, and metabolomic signature in leaves of tomato cuttings is specifically modulated by different protein hydrolysates

Buffagni, Valentina;Miras Moreno, Maria Begona;Lucini, Luigi
2021

Abstract

Protein hydrolysates (PHs) are employed in agriculture to increase the sustainability of farming systems, with positive results on crop productivity and response against environmental stressors. Nevertheless, the molecular mechanism(s) triggered by their specific activity is not clearly understood. In this work, five PHs obtained by enzymatic hydrolysis of different vegetal protein sources were tested for their root-promoting activity on tomato cuttings. All the treatments improved both root length and number when compared to negative controls. Distinctive metabolomic signatures were highlighted in response to treatments, indicating the triggering of different molecular processes in leaf tissues of tomato cuttings. PHs differentially modulated the biosynthesis of plant stress-protectants, such as alkaloids and phenylpropanoids. Moreover, metabolites involved in phytohormone biosynthesis were significantly impacted. In this context, a clear modulation of several compounds related to auxin homeostasis was observed. In addition, the differential modulation of SlIAA2 and SlIAA9 genes, which are involved in the IAA signalling pathway, might further suggest the auxin-like activity elicited by the PHs tested. Here we provide evidence that PHs can impact plant molecular level, positively affecting root development, most likely by affecting the signalling cascades activated in leaf tissues. The biostimulant activity was sustained by PH-specific response at the molecular level, likely ascribable to their heterogeneous botanical origins. In fact, our findings did not point out a clear universal response to PHs, and specific effects are to be investigated.
2021
Inglese
Buffagni, V., Ceccarelli, A. V., Pii, Y., Miras Moreno, M. B., Rouphael, Y., Cardarelli, M., Colla, G., Lucini, L., The modulation of auxin-responsive genes, phytohormone profile, and metabolomic signature in leaves of tomato cuttings is specifically modulated by different protein hydrolysates, <<AGRONOMY>>, 2021; 11 (8): N/A-N/A. [doi:10.3390/agronomy11081524] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/232377]
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