Artemisia annua L. (AA) has shown for many centuries important therapeutic virtues associated with the presence of artemisinin (ART). The aim of this study was to identify and quantify ART and other secondary metabolites in ethanolic extracts of AA and evaluate the biological activity in the presence of an inflammatory stimulus. In this work, after the extraction of the aerial parts of AA with different concentrations of ethanol, ART was quantified by HPLC and HPLC-MS. In addi-tion, anthocyanins, flavanols, flavanones, flavonols, lignans, low-molecular-weight phenolics, phenolic acids, stilbenes, and terpenes were identified and semi-quantitatively determined by UHPLC-QTOF-MS untargeted metabolomics. Finally, the viability of human neuroblastoma cells (SH-SY5Y) was evaluated in the presence of the different ethanolic extracts and in the presence of lipopolysac-charide (LPS). The results show that ART is more concentrated in AA samples extracted with 90% ethanol. Regarding the other metabolites, only the anthocyanins are more concentrated in the samples extracted with 90% ethanol. Finally, ART and all AA samples showed a protective action to-wards the pro-inflammatory stimulus of LPS. In particular, the anti-inflammatory effect of the leaf extract of AA with 90% ethanol was also confirmed at the molecular level since a reduction in TNF-α mRNA gene expression was observed in SH-SY5Y treated with LPS.

Abate, G., Zhang, L., Pucci, M., Morbini, G., Sweeney, E. M., Maccarinelli, G., Ribaudo, G., Gianoncelli, A., Uberti, D., Memo, M., Lucini, L., Mastinu, A., Phytochemical analysis and anti-inflammatory activity of different ethanolic phyto-extracts of artemisia annua l, <<BIOMOLECULES>>, 2021; 11 (11): N/A-N/A. [doi:10.3390/biom11070975] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/232284]

Phytochemical analysis and anti-inflammatory activity of different ethanolic phyto-extracts of artemisia annua l

Zhang, Leilei;Lucini, Luigi;
2021

Abstract

Artemisia annua L. (AA) has shown for many centuries important therapeutic virtues associated with the presence of artemisinin (ART). The aim of this study was to identify and quantify ART and other secondary metabolites in ethanolic extracts of AA and evaluate the biological activity in the presence of an inflammatory stimulus. In this work, after the extraction of the aerial parts of AA with different concentrations of ethanol, ART was quantified by HPLC and HPLC-MS. In addi-tion, anthocyanins, flavanols, flavanones, flavonols, lignans, low-molecular-weight phenolics, phenolic acids, stilbenes, and terpenes were identified and semi-quantitatively determined by UHPLC-QTOF-MS untargeted metabolomics. Finally, the viability of human neuroblastoma cells (SH-SY5Y) was evaluated in the presence of the different ethanolic extracts and in the presence of lipopolysac-charide (LPS). The results show that ART is more concentrated in AA samples extracted with 90% ethanol. Regarding the other metabolites, only the anthocyanins are more concentrated in the samples extracted with 90% ethanol. Finally, ART and all AA samples showed a protective action to-wards the pro-inflammatory stimulus of LPS. In particular, the anti-inflammatory effect of the leaf extract of AA with 90% ethanol was also confirmed at the molecular level since a reduction in TNF-α mRNA gene expression was observed in SH-SY5Y treated with LPS.
2021
Inglese
Abate, G., Zhang, L., Pucci, M., Morbini, G., Sweeney, E. M., Maccarinelli, G., Ribaudo, G., Gianoncelli, A., Uberti, D., Memo, M., Lucini, L., Mastinu, A., Phytochemical analysis and anti-inflammatory activity of different ethanolic phyto-extracts of artemisia annua l, <<BIOMOLECULES>>, 2021; 11 (11): N/A-N/A. [doi:10.3390/biom11070975] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/232284]
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