Objective To perform an observational cohort study with esophageal pH-multichannel intraluminal impedance (pH-MII) monitoring in symptomatic preterm infants with and without bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). Study design We prospectively studied 46 infants born ≤32 weeks gestational age: 12 infants with BPD and 34 infants without BPD. Each patient had symptoms consistent with gastroesophageal reflux and had 24-hour pH-MII, which were compared between BPD and non-BPD by univariate analysis and quantile regression analysis. Results Demographic and clinical characteristics were similar between infants with and without BPD, except for fluid administration (145 vs 163 mL/kg/d, P =.003), length of stay (92 vs 69 days, P =.019), and time to achieve complete oral feeding (76 vs 51 days, P =.013). The analysis of 1104 hours of pH-MII tracings demonstrated that infants with BPD compared with infants without BPD had increased numbers of pH-only events (median number 21 vs 9) and a higher symptom sensitivity index for pH-only events (9% vs 4.9%); the number and characteristics of acid, weakly acid, nonacid and gas gastroesophageal reflux events, acid exposure, esophageal clearance, and recorded symptoms did not significantly differ between the 2 groups. Conclusions The increased number of (and sensitivity for) pH-only events among infants with BPD may be explained by several factors, including lower milk intake, impaired esophageal motility, and a peculiar autonomic nervous system response pattern.

Nobile, S., Noviello, C., Cobellis, G., Paolo Carnielli, V., Are Infants with Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia Prone to Gastroesophageal Reflux? A Prospective Observational Study with Esophageal pH-Impedance Monitoring, <<THE JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS>>, 2015; 167 (2): 279-285. [doi:10.1016/j.jpeds.2015.05.005] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/223346]

Are Infants with Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia Prone to Gastroesophageal Reflux? A Prospective Observational Study with Esophageal pH-Impedance Monitoring

Nobile, Stefano;
2015

Abstract

Objective To perform an observational cohort study with esophageal pH-multichannel intraluminal impedance (pH-MII) monitoring in symptomatic preterm infants with and without bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). Study design We prospectively studied 46 infants born ≤32 weeks gestational age: 12 infants with BPD and 34 infants without BPD. Each patient had symptoms consistent with gastroesophageal reflux and had 24-hour pH-MII, which were compared between BPD and non-BPD by univariate analysis and quantile regression analysis. Results Demographic and clinical characteristics were similar between infants with and without BPD, except for fluid administration (145 vs 163 mL/kg/d, P =.003), length of stay (92 vs 69 days, P =.019), and time to achieve complete oral feeding (76 vs 51 days, P =.013). The analysis of 1104 hours of pH-MII tracings demonstrated that infants with BPD compared with infants without BPD had increased numbers of pH-only events (median number 21 vs 9) and a higher symptom sensitivity index for pH-only events (9% vs 4.9%); the number and characteristics of acid, weakly acid, nonacid and gas gastroesophageal reflux events, acid exposure, esophageal clearance, and recorded symptoms did not significantly differ between the 2 groups. Conclusions The increased number of (and sensitivity for) pH-only events among infants with BPD may be explained by several factors, including lower milk intake, impaired esophageal motility, and a peculiar autonomic nervous system response pattern.
2015
Inglese
Nobile, S., Noviello, C., Cobellis, G., Paolo Carnielli, V., Are Infants with Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia Prone to Gastroesophageal Reflux? A Prospective Observational Study with Esophageal pH-Impedance Monitoring, <<THE JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS>>, 2015; 167 (2): 279-285. [doi:10.1016/j.jpeds.2015.05.005] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/223346]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/223346
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