Maturity-onset diabetes of the young (MODY) is a rare form of non-autoimmune diabetes with an autosomal dominant inheritance. To date, 14 genes have been reported as genetic basis of MODY. GCK gene, encoding the glucokinase enzyme, was the first MODY gene to be identified. GCK heterozygous inactivating variants cause the GCK-MODY or MODY2 subtype. However, partial or whole gene deletions have been rarely identified, showing it to be a rare cause of GCK-MODY. We reported the molecular evaluation of a Ukrainian patient with clinical diagnosis of MODY2. We performed the Next generation sequencing of the clinical exome using the Clinical Exome Solution® kit (SOPHiA Genetics), followed by the design of a 14 genes virtual panel related to the suggestive diagnosis of MODY. Bioinformatics analysis was performed using the SOPHiA DDM platform (SOPHiA Genetics). The SALSA MLPA kit for MODY (MRC-Holland) was used for relative quantification of GCK exons. From the molecular evaluation, no pathogenic sequence variants were detected in the investigated genes. Copy Number Variation analysis was able to identify a large deletion involving the last three exons of the GCK gene. This result was confirmed by MLPA. To the best of our knowledge, the identified rearrangement has never been reported in the literature.

Concolino, P., Tartaglione, L., De Paolis, E., Carrozza, C., Urbani, A., Minucci, A., Pitocco, D., Santonocito, C., A Novel GCK Large Genomic Rearrangement in a Patient with MODY-2 Detected by Clinical Exome Sequencing, <<GENES>>, 2022; 13 (11): 2104-2113. [doi:10.3390/genes13112104] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/221604]

A Novel GCK Large Genomic Rearrangement in a Patient with MODY-2 Detected by Clinical Exome Sequencing

Concolino, P.;Tartaglione, L.;De Paolis, E.;Carrozza, C.;Minucci, A.;Pitocco, D.;Santonocito, C.
2022

Abstract

Maturity-onset diabetes of the young (MODY) is a rare form of non-autoimmune diabetes with an autosomal dominant inheritance. To date, 14 genes have been reported as genetic basis of MODY. GCK gene, encoding the glucokinase enzyme, was the first MODY gene to be identified. GCK heterozygous inactivating variants cause the GCK-MODY or MODY2 subtype. However, partial or whole gene deletions have been rarely identified, showing it to be a rare cause of GCK-MODY. We reported the molecular evaluation of a Ukrainian patient with clinical diagnosis of MODY2. We performed the Next generation sequencing of the clinical exome using the Clinical Exome Solution® kit (SOPHiA Genetics), followed by the design of a 14 genes virtual panel related to the suggestive diagnosis of MODY. Bioinformatics analysis was performed using the SOPHiA DDM platform (SOPHiA Genetics). The SALSA MLPA kit for MODY (MRC-Holland) was used for relative quantification of GCK exons. From the molecular evaluation, no pathogenic sequence variants were detected in the investigated genes. Copy Number Variation analysis was able to identify a large deletion involving the last three exons of the GCK gene. This result was confirmed by MLPA. To the best of our knowledge, the identified rearrangement has never been reported in the literature.
Inglese
Concolino, P., Tartaglione, L., De Paolis, E., Carrozza, C., Urbani, A., Minucci, A., Pitocco, D., Santonocito, C., A Novel GCK Large Genomic Rearrangement in a Patient with MODY-2 Detected by Clinical Exome Sequencing, <<GENES>>, 2022; 13 (11): 2104-2113. [doi:10.3390/genes13112104] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/221604]
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