Objective To report safety, pharmacokinetics, exon 53 skipping, and dystrophin expression in golodirsen-treated patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) amenable to exon 53 skipping. Methods Part 1 was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, 12-week dose titration of once-weekly golodirsen; part 2 is an ongoing, open-label evaluation. Safety and pharmacokinetics were primary and secondary objectives of part 1. Primary biological outcome measures of part 2 were blinded exon skipping and dystrophin protein production on muscle biopsies (baseline, week 48) evaluated, respectively, using reverse transcription PCR and Western blot and immunohistochemistry. Results Twelve patients were randomized to receive golodirsen (n = 8) or placebo (n = 4) in part 1. All from part 1 plus 13 additional patients received 30 mg/kg golodirsen in part 2. Safety findings were consistent with those previously observed in pediatric patients with DMD. Most of the study drug was excreted within 4 hours following administration. A significant increase in exon 53 skipping was associated with similar to 16-fold increase over baseline in dystrophin protein expression at week 48, with a mean percent normal dystrophin protein standard of 1.019% (range, 0.09%-4.30%). Sarcolemmal localization of dystrophin was demonstrated by significantly increased dystrophin-positive fibers (week 48,p< 0.001) and a positive correlation (Spearmanr= 0.663;p< 0.001) with dystrophin protein change from baseline, measured by Western blot and immunohistochemistry. Conclusion Golodirsen was well-tolerated; muscle biopsies from golodirsen-treated patients showed increased exon 53 skipping, dystrophin production, and correct dystrophin sarcolemmal localization. Clinicaltrials.gov identifier NCT02310906. Classification of evidence This study provides Class I evidence that golodirsen is safe and Class IV evidence that it induces exon skipping and novel dystrophin as confirmed by 3 different assays.

Frank, D. E., Schnell, F. J., Akana, C., El-husayni, S. H., Desjardins, C. A., Morgan, J., Charleston, J. S., Sardone, V., Domingos, J., Dickson, G., Straub, V., Guglieri, M., Mercuri, E., Servais, L., Muntoni, F., Skip-nmd Study, G., Increased dystrophin production with golodirsen in patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy, <<NEUROLOGY>>, 2020; 94 (21): 2270-2282. [doi:10.1212/WNL.0000000000009233] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/213695]

Increased dystrophin production with golodirsen in patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy

Mercuri, Eugenio;Pera, Maria Carmela
2020

Abstract

Objective To report safety, pharmacokinetics, exon 53 skipping, and dystrophin expression in golodirsen-treated patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) amenable to exon 53 skipping. Methods Part 1 was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, 12-week dose titration of once-weekly golodirsen; part 2 is an ongoing, open-label evaluation. Safety and pharmacokinetics were primary and secondary objectives of part 1. Primary biological outcome measures of part 2 were blinded exon skipping and dystrophin protein production on muscle biopsies (baseline, week 48) evaluated, respectively, using reverse transcription PCR and Western blot and immunohistochemistry. Results Twelve patients were randomized to receive golodirsen (n = 8) or placebo (n = 4) in part 1. All from part 1 plus 13 additional patients received 30 mg/kg golodirsen in part 2. Safety findings were consistent with those previously observed in pediatric patients with DMD. Most of the study drug was excreted within 4 hours following administration. A significant increase in exon 53 skipping was associated with similar to 16-fold increase over baseline in dystrophin protein expression at week 48, with a mean percent normal dystrophin protein standard of 1.019% (range, 0.09%-4.30%). Sarcolemmal localization of dystrophin was demonstrated by significantly increased dystrophin-positive fibers (week 48,p< 0.001) and a positive correlation (Spearmanr= 0.663;p< 0.001) with dystrophin protein change from baseline, measured by Western blot and immunohistochemistry. Conclusion Golodirsen was well-tolerated; muscle biopsies from golodirsen-treated patients showed increased exon 53 skipping, dystrophin production, and correct dystrophin sarcolemmal localization. Clinicaltrials.gov identifier NCT02310906. Classification of evidence This study provides Class I evidence that golodirsen is safe and Class IV evidence that it induces exon skipping and novel dystrophin as confirmed by 3 different assays.
Inglese
Frank, D. E., Schnell, F. J., Akana, C., El-husayni, S. H., Desjardins, C. A., Morgan, J., Charleston, J. S., Sardone, V., Domingos, J., Dickson, G., Straub, V., Guglieri, M., Mercuri, E., Servais, L., Muntoni, F., Skip-nmd Study, G., Increased dystrophin production with golodirsen in patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy, <<NEUROLOGY>>, 2020; 94 (21): 2270-2282. [doi:10.1212/WNL.0000000000009233] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/213695]
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