Purpose: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in early stages benefits from local ablative treatments such as radiofrequency ablation (RFA) or transarterial chemoembolization (TACE). In this context, radiotherapy (RT) has shown promising results but has not been thoroughly evaluated. Magnetic resonance-guided RT (MRgRT) may represent a paradigm shifting improvement in stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) for liver tumors. Methods: We retrospectively evaluated HCC patients treated on a hybrid low-tesla MRgRT unit. A total biologically effective dose (BED) > 100 Gy was delivered in 5 consecutive fractions, respecting the appropriate organs-at-risk constraints. Hybrid MR scans were used for treatment planning and cine MR was used for delivery gating. Patients were followed up for toxicity and treatment–response assessment. Results: Ten patients were enrolled, with a total of 12 lesions. All the lesions were irradiated with no interruptions. Six patients had already performed previous local therapies. Median follow-up after SBRT was 6.5 months (1–25). Two cases of acute toxicity were reported (G ≤ 2 according to CTCAE v4.0). At the time of the analysis, 90% of the population presented local control. Child–Pugh before and after treatment remained unchanged in all but one patient. Conclusion: MRgRT is a feasible and safe option showing favorable toxicity profile for HCC treatment.

Boldrini, L., Romano, A., Mariani, S., Cusumano, D., Catucci, F., Placidi, L., Mattiucci, G. C., Chiloiro, G., Cellini, F., Gambacorta, M. A., Indovina, L., Valentini, V., MRI-guided stereotactic radiation therapy for hepatocellular carcinoma: a feasible and safe innovative treatment approach, <<JOURNAL OF CANCER RESEARCH AND CLINICAL ONCOLOGY>>, 2021; 147 (7): 2057-2068. [doi:10.1007/s00432-020-03480-8] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/198599]

MRI-guided stereotactic radiation therapy for hepatocellular carcinoma: a feasible and safe innovative treatment approach

Boldrini, L.;Mariani, S.;Cusumano, D.;Placidi, L.;Mattiucci, G. C.;Chiloiro, G.;Cellini, F.;Gambacorta, M. A.;Valentini, V.
2021

Abstract

Purpose: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in early stages benefits from local ablative treatments such as radiofrequency ablation (RFA) or transarterial chemoembolization (TACE). In this context, radiotherapy (RT) has shown promising results but has not been thoroughly evaluated. Magnetic resonance-guided RT (MRgRT) may represent a paradigm shifting improvement in stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) for liver tumors. Methods: We retrospectively evaluated HCC patients treated on a hybrid low-tesla MRgRT unit. A total biologically effective dose (BED) > 100 Gy was delivered in 5 consecutive fractions, respecting the appropriate organs-at-risk constraints. Hybrid MR scans were used for treatment planning and cine MR was used for delivery gating. Patients were followed up for toxicity and treatment–response assessment. Results: Ten patients were enrolled, with a total of 12 lesions. All the lesions were irradiated with no interruptions. Six patients had already performed previous local therapies. Median follow-up after SBRT was 6.5 months (1–25). Two cases of acute toxicity were reported (G ≤ 2 according to CTCAE v4.0). At the time of the analysis, 90% of the population presented local control. Child–Pugh before and after treatment remained unchanged in all but one patient. Conclusion: MRgRT is a feasible and safe option showing favorable toxicity profile for HCC treatment.
Inglese
Boldrini, L., Romano, A., Mariani, S., Cusumano, D., Catucci, F., Placidi, L., Mattiucci, G. C., Chiloiro, G., Cellini, F., Gambacorta, M. A., Indovina, L., Valentini, V., MRI-guided stereotactic radiation therapy for hepatocellular carcinoma: a feasible and safe innovative treatment approach, <<JOURNAL OF CANCER RESEARCH AND CLINICAL ONCOLOGY>>, 2021; 147 (7): 2057-2068. [doi:10.1007/s00432-020-03480-8] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/198599]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/198599
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