Arbuscular mycorrhiza and Trichoderma are well-known beneficial fungi whose plant growth promotion and defense elicitation effects are known. However, the molecular and biochemical processes underlying the beneficial effects of these priming microorganisms have not been fully elucidated yet. On this basis, the present work aimed to use metabolomics to dissect comprehensively the modulation of secondary metabolism induced by mycorrhiza and Trichoderma, using tomato as a model plant. To this aim, either mycorrhiza or Trichoderma were applied to tomato roots at transplanting using a commercial formulation and then harvested once the mutualistic relationship was well established. Shoots were analyzed using an MS-based untargeted metabolomics approach, and differential metabolites identified by multivariate statistics were subjected to pathway analysis. Together with promoting plant growth, the treatments induced a broad molecular reprogramming with the phenylpropanoid biosynthetic pathway (including defense phenolics like coumarins and glycosylated anthocyanins) being strongly elicited. An accumulation of auxins, cytokinins, and jasmonate (especially after treatment with Trichoderma) could be observed concerning phytohormone profiles. Overall, the broad and distinctive effects triggered by mycorrhiza and Trichoderma in tomato secondary metabolism supported both plant growth promotion and immunity.

Iula, G., Miras Moreno, M. B., Lucini, L., Trevisan, M., The mycorrhiza-and trichoderma-mediated elicitation of secondary metabolism and modulation of phytohormone profile in tomato plants, <<HORTICULTURAE>>, 2021; 7 (10): N/A-N/A. [doi:10.3390/horticulturae7100394] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/194965]

The mycorrhiza-and trichoderma-mediated elicitation of secondary metabolism and modulation of phytohormone profile in tomato plants

Iula, Giusy;Miras Moreno, Maria Begona;Lucini, Luigi;Trevisan, Marco
2021

Abstract

Arbuscular mycorrhiza and Trichoderma are well-known beneficial fungi whose plant growth promotion and defense elicitation effects are known. However, the molecular and biochemical processes underlying the beneficial effects of these priming microorganisms have not been fully elucidated yet. On this basis, the present work aimed to use metabolomics to dissect comprehensively the modulation of secondary metabolism induced by mycorrhiza and Trichoderma, using tomato as a model plant. To this aim, either mycorrhiza or Trichoderma were applied to tomato roots at transplanting using a commercial formulation and then harvested once the mutualistic relationship was well established. Shoots were analyzed using an MS-based untargeted metabolomics approach, and differential metabolites identified by multivariate statistics were subjected to pathway analysis. Together with promoting plant growth, the treatments induced a broad molecular reprogramming with the phenylpropanoid biosynthetic pathway (including defense phenolics like coumarins and glycosylated anthocyanins) being strongly elicited. An accumulation of auxins, cytokinins, and jasmonate (especially after treatment with Trichoderma) could be observed concerning phytohormone profiles. Overall, the broad and distinctive effects triggered by mycorrhiza and Trichoderma in tomato secondary metabolism supported both plant growth promotion and immunity.
2021
Inglese
Iula, G., Miras Moreno, M. B., Lucini, L., Trevisan, M., The mycorrhiza-and trichoderma-mediated elicitation of secondary metabolism and modulation of phytohormone profile in tomato plants, <<HORTICULTURAE>>, 2021; 7 (10): N/A-N/A. [doi:10.3390/horticulturae7100394] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/194965]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/194965
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