Maize is the principal staple food/feed crop exposed to mycotoxins, and the co-occurrence of multiple mycotoxins and their metabolites has been well docu- mented. This review presents the infection cycle, ecology, and plant-pathogen interac- tions of Aspergillus and Fusarium species in maize, and current knowledge on maize chain management to mitigate the occurrence of aflatoxins and fumonisins. Preven- tive actions include at pre-harvest, as part of cropping systems, at harvest, and at post- harvest, through storage, processing, and detoxification to minimize consumer expo- sure. Preventive actions in the field have been recognized as efficient for reducing the entrance of mycotoxins into production chains. Biological control of Aspergillus flavus has been recognized to minimize contamination with aflatoxins. Post-harvest maize grain management is also crucial to complete preventive actions, and has been made mandatory in government food and feed legislation.

Palumbo, R., Gonçalves, A., Gkrillas, A., Logrieco, A., Dorne, J., Dall’Asta, C., Venâncio, A., Battilani, P., Mycotoxins in maize: mitigation actions, with a chain management approach, <<PHYTOPATHOLOGIA MEDITERRANEA>>, 2020; 59 (1): 5-28. [doi:10.36253/phyto-11142] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/187256]

Mycotoxins in maize: mitigation actions, with a chain management approach

Palumbo, Roberta
Primo
;
Battilani, Paola
Ultimo
2020

Abstract

Maize is the principal staple food/feed crop exposed to mycotoxins, and the co-occurrence of multiple mycotoxins and their metabolites has been well docu- mented. This review presents the infection cycle, ecology, and plant-pathogen interac- tions of Aspergillus and Fusarium species in maize, and current knowledge on maize chain management to mitigate the occurrence of aflatoxins and fumonisins. Preven- tive actions include at pre-harvest, as part of cropping systems, at harvest, and at post- harvest, through storage, processing, and detoxification to minimize consumer expo- sure. Preventive actions in the field have been recognized as efficient for reducing the entrance of mycotoxins into production chains. Biological control of Aspergillus flavus has been recognized to minimize contamination with aflatoxins. Post-harvest maize grain management is also crucial to complete preventive actions, and has been made mandatory in government food and feed legislation.
2020
Inglese
Palumbo, R., Gonçalves, A., Gkrillas, A., Logrieco, A., Dorne, J., Dall’Asta, C., Venâncio, A., Battilani, P., Mycotoxins in maize: mitigation actions, with a chain management approach, <<PHYTOPATHOLOGIA MEDITERRANEA>>, 2020; 59 (1): 5-28. [doi:10.36253/phyto-11142] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/187256]
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
11142-Article Text-12993-1-10-20200515.pdf

accesso aperto

Licenza: Creative commons
Dimensione 559.26 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
559.26 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/187256
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 16
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 14
social impact