Following domestication, sheep (Ovis aries) have become an essential farmed animals across the world through adaptation to a diverse range of environments and varied production systems. Climate-mediated selective pressure has shaped phenotypic variation and has left genetic “footprints” in the genome of breeds raised in different agro-ecological zones. Unlike numerous studies that have searched for evidence of selection using only population genetics data, here, we conducted an integrated co-analysis of environmental data with SNP variation. By examining 49,034 SNPs from 32 old, autochthonous sheep breeds that are adapted to a spectrum of different regional climates, we identified 230 SNPs with evidence for selection that is likely due to climate-mediated pressure. Among them, 189 (82%) showed significant correlation (P ≤ 0.05) between allele frequency and climatic variables in a larger set of native populations from a worldwide range of geographic areas and climates. Gene ontology analysis of genes co-located with significant SNPs identified 17 candidates related to GTPase regulator and peptide receptor activities in the biological processes of energy metabolism and endocrine and autoimmune regulation. We also observed high linkage disequilibrium and significant extended haplotype homozygosity (EHH) for the core haplotype TBC1D12-CH1 of TBC1D12. The global frequency distribution of the core haplotype and allele OAR22_18929579-A showed an apparent geographic pattern and significant (P ≤ 0.05) correlations with climatic variation. Our results imply that adaptations to local climates have shaped the spatial distribution of some variants and they are candidates to underpin adaptive variation in sheep.

Lv, F., Agha, S., Kantanen, J., Colli, L., Stucki, S., Kijas, J., Joost, S., Li, M., Ajmone Marsan, P., Adaptations to Climate-Mediated Selective Pressures in Sheep, <<MOLECULAR BIOLOGY AND EVOLUTION>>, 2014; 31 (12): 3324-3343. [doi:10.1093/molbev/msu264] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/64359]

Adaptations to Climate-Mediated Selective Pressures in Sheep

Colli, Licia;Ajmone Marsan, Paolo
2014

Abstract

Following domestication, sheep (Ovis aries) have become an essential farmed animals across the world through adaptation to a diverse range of environments and varied production systems. Climate-mediated selective pressure has shaped phenotypic variation and has left genetic “footprints” in the genome of breeds raised in different agro-ecological zones. Unlike numerous studies that have searched for evidence of selection using only population genetics data, here, we conducted an integrated co-analysis of environmental data with SNP variation. By examining 49,034 SNPs from 32 old, autochthonous sheep breeds that are adapted to a spectrum of different regional climates, we identified 230 SNPs with evidence for selection that is likely due to climate-mediated pressure. Among them, 189 (82%) showed significant correlation (P ≤ 0.05) between allele frequency and climatic variables in a larger set of native populations from a worldwide range of geographic areas and climates. Gene ontology analysis of genes co-located with significant SNPs identified 17 candidates related to GTPase regulator and peptide receptor activities in the biological processes of energy metabolism and endocrine and autoimmune regulation. We also observed high linkage disequilibrium and significant extended haplotype homozygosity (EHH) for the core haplotype TBC1D12-CH1 of TBC1D12. The global frequency distribution of the core haplotype and allele OAR22_18929579-A showed an apparent geographic pattern and significant (P ≤ 0.05) correlations with climatic variation. Our results imply that adaptations to local climates have shaped the spatial distribution of some variants and they are candidates to underpin adaptive variation in sheep.
Inglese
Lv, F., Agha, S., Kantanen, J., Colli, L., Stucki, S., Kijas, J., Joost, S., Li, M., Ajmone Marsan, P., Adaptations to Climate-Mediated Selective Pressures in Sheep, <<MOLECULAR BIOLOGY AND EVOLUTION>>, 2014; 31 (12): 3324-3343. [doi:10.1093/molbev/msu264] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/64359]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10807/64359
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