BackgroundThere is increasing evidence that chronic endotheliopathy can play a role in patients with Post-Covid Condition (PCC, or Long Covid) by affecting peripheral vascularization. This pilot study aimed at assessing lung perfusion in children with Long-COVID with Tc-99m-MAA SPECT/CT. Materials and Methodslung Tc-99m-MAA SPECT/CT was performed in children with Long-COVID and a pathological cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET). Intravenous injections were performed on patients in the supine position immediately before the planar scan according to the EANM guidelines for lung scintigraphy in children, followed by lung SPECT/CT acquisition. Reconstructed studies were visually analyzed. ResultsClinical and biochemical data were collected during acute infection and follow-up in 14 children (6 females, mean age: 12.6 years) fulfilling Long-COVID diagnostic criteria and complaining of chronic fatigue and postexertional malaise after mild efforts, documented by CPET. Imaging results were compared with clinical scenarios during acute infection and follow-up. Six out of 14 (42.8%) children showed perfusion defects on Tc-99m-MAA SPECT/CT scan, without morphological alterations on coregistered CT. ConclusionsThis pilot investigation confirmed previous data suggesting that a small subgroup of children can develop lung perfusion defects after severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection. Larger cohort studies are needed to confirm these preliminary results, providing also a better understanding of which children may deserve this test and how to manage those with lung perfusion defects.

Pizzuto, D. A., Buonsenso, D., Morello, R., De Rose, C., Valentini, P., Fragano, A., Baldi, F., Di Giuda, D., Lung perfusion assessment in children with long-COVID: A pilot study, <<PEDIATRIC PULMONOLOGY>>, 2023; 58 (7): 2059-2067. [doi:10.1002/ppul.26432] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/280396]

Lung perfusion assessment in children with long-COVID: A pilot study

Buonsenso, Danilo
Secondo
;
De Rose, Cristina;Valentini, Piero;Baldi, Fabiana;Di Giuda, Daniela
Ultimo
2023

Abstract

BackgroundThere is increasing evidence that chronic endotheliopathy can play a role in patients with Post-Covid Condition (PCC, or Long Covid) by affecting peripheral vascularization. This pilot study aimed at assessing lung perfusion in children with Long-COVID with Tc-99m-MAA SPECT/CT. Materials and Methodslung Tc-99m-MAA SPECT/CT was performed in children with Long-COVID and a pathological cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET). Intravenous injections were performed on patients in the supine position immediately before the planar scan according to the EANM guidelines for lung scintigraphy in children, followed by lung SPECT/CT acquisition. Reconstructed studies were visually analyzed. ResultsClinical and biochemical data were collected during acute infection and follow-up in 14 children (6 females, mean age: 12.6 years) fulfilling Long-COVID diagnostic criteria and complaining of chronic fatigue and postexertional malaise after mild efforts, documented by CPET. Imaging results were compared with clinical scenarios during acute infection and follow-up. Six out of 14 (42.8%) children showed perfusion defects on Tc-99m-MAA SPECT/CT scan, without morphological alterations on coregistered CT. ConclusionsThis pilot investigation confirmed previous data suggesting that a small subgroup of children can develop lung perfusion defects after severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection. Larger cohort studies are needed to confirm these preliminary results, providing also a better understanding of which children may deserve this test and how to manage those with lung perfusion defects.
2023
Inglese
Pizzuto, D. A., Buonsenso, D., Morello, R., De Rose, C., Valentini, P., Fragano, A., Baldi, F., Di Giuda, D., Lung perfusion assessment in children with long-COVID: A pilot study, <<PEDIATRIC PULMONOLOGY>>, 2023; 58 (7): 2059-2067. [doi:10.1002/ppul.26432] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/280396]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/280396
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