BackgroundThe aim of our study was to find predictors of parenchymal hematoma (PH) and clinical outcome after mechanical thrombectomy (MT) in patients with large vessel occlusion (LVO) and baseline large infarct.MethodsThe databases of 16 stroke centers were retrospectively screened for patients with anterior circulation LVO and baseline Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score (ASPECTS) <= 5 that received MT. Procedural parameters, including the number of passes during first and second technique of MT, were recorded. Outcome measures were occurrence of PH type 2 and any type of PH after MT, and the 90-day modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score of 0-3 and 0-2.ResultsIn total, 408 patients were available for analysis. A higher number of passes in the second technique was predictive of PH type 2 (odds ratio (OR) - 3.204, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.140 to 9.005), whereas procedure conducted under general anesthesia was associated with lower risk (OR 0.127, 95% CI 0.002 to 0.808). The modified thrombolysis in cerebral infarction grade 2c-3 was associated with the mRS score 0-3 (OR 3.373, 95% CI 1.891 to 6.017), whereas occurrence of PH type 2 was predictive of unfavorable outcome (OR 0.221, 95% CI 0.063 to 0.773). Similar results were found for the mRS score 0-2 outcome measure.ConclusionIn patients with large ischemic core, a higher number of passes during MT and procedure not conducted under general anesthesia are associated with increased rate of PH type 2, that negatively impact the clinical outcome. Our data outline a delicate balance between the need of a complete recanalization and the risk of PH following MT.

Alexandre, A. M., Scarcia, L., Brunetti, V., Scala, I., Kalsoum, E., Valente, I., Camilli, A., De Leoni, D., Colò, F., Frisullo, G., Piano, M., Rollo, C., Macera, A., Ruggiero, M., Lafe, E., Gabrieli, J. D., Cester, G., Limbucci, N., Arba, F., Ferretti, S., Da Ros, V., Bellini, L., Salsano, G., Mavilio, N., Russo, R., Bergui, M., Caragliano, A. A., Vinci, S. L., Romano, D. G., Frauenfelder, G., Semeraro, V., Ganimede, M. P., Lozupone, E., Romi, A., Cavallini, A., Milonia, L., Muto, M., Giordano, F., Cirillo, L., Calabresi, P., Pedicelli, A., Broccolini, A., Predictors of parenchymal hematoma and clinical outcome after mechanical thrombectomy in patients with large ischemic core due to large vessel occlusion: a retrospective multicenter study, <<JOURNAL OF NEUROINTERVENTIONAL SURGERY>>, 2023; (December): N/A-N/A. [doi:10.1136/jnis-2023-021146] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/262400]

Predictors of parenchymal hematoma and clinical outcome after mechanical thrombectomy in patients with large ischemic core due to large vessel occlusion: a retrospective multicenter study

Brunetti, Valerio;Scala, Irene;Valente, Iacopo;Camilli, Arianna;De Leoni, Davide;Frisullo, Giovanni;Lozupone, Emilio;Calabresi, Paolo;Pedicelli, Alessandro;Broccolini, Aldobrando
2023

Abstract

BackgroundThe aim of our study was to find predictors of parenchymal hematoma (PH) and clinical outcome after mechanical thrombectomy (MT) in patients with large vessel occlusion (LVO) and baseline large infarct.MethodsThe databases of 16 stroke centers were retrospectively screened for patients with anterior circulation LVO and baseline Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score (ASPECTS) <= 5 that received MT. Procedural parameters, including the number of passes during first and second technique of MT, were recorded. Outcome measures were occurrence of PH type 2 and any type of PH after MT, and the 90-day modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score of 0-3 and 0-2.ResultsIn total, 408 patients were available for analysis. A higher number of passes in the second technique was predictive of PH type 2 (odds ratio (OR) - 3.204, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.140 to 9.005), whereas procedure conducted under general anesthesia was associated with lower risk (OR 0.127, 95% CI 0.002 to 0.808). The modified thrombolysis in cerebral infarction grade 2c-3 was associated with the mRS score 0-3 (OR 3.373, 95% CI 1.891 to 6.017), whereas occurrence of PH type 2 was predictive of unfavorable outcome (OR 0.221, 95% CI 0.063 to 0.773). Similar results were found for the mRS score 0-2 outcome measure.ConclusionIn patients with large ischemic core, a higher number of passes during MT and procedure not conducted under general anesthesia are associated with increased rate of PH type 2, that negatively impact the clinical outcome. Our data outline a delicate balance between the need of a complete recanalization and the risk of PH following MT.
2023
Inglese
Alexandre, A. M., Scarcia, L., Brunetti, V., Scala, I., Kalsoum, E., Valente, I., Camilli, A., De Leoni, D., Colò, F., Frisullo, G., Piano, M., Rollo, C., Macera, A., Ruggiero, M., Lafe, E., Gabrieli, J. D., Cester, G., Limbucci, N., Arba, F., Ferretti, S., Da Ros, V., Bellini, L., Salsano, G., Mavilio, N., Russo, R., Bergui, M., Caragliano, A. A., Vinci, S. L., Romano, D. G., Frauenfelder, G., Semeraro, V., Ganimede, M. P., Lozupone, E., Romi, A., Cavallini, A., Milonia, L., Muto, M., Giordano, F., Cirillo, L., Calabresi, P., Pedicelli, A., Broccolini, A., Predictors of parenchymal hematoma and clinical outcome after mechanical thrombectomy in patients with large ischemic core due to large vessel occlusion: a retrospective multicenter study, <<JOURNAL OF NEUROINTERVENTIONAL SURGERY>>, 2023; (December): N/A-N/A. [doi:10.1136/jnis-2023-021146] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/262400]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/262400
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