Short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) play a key role in health and disease, as they regulate gut homeostasis and their deficiency is involved in the pathogenesis of several disorders, including inflammatory bowel diseases, colorectal cancer, and cardiometabolic disorders. SCFAs are metabolites of specific bacterial taxa of the human gut microbiota, and their production is influenced by specific foods or food supplements, mainly prebiotics, by the direct fostering of these taxa. This Review provides an overview of SCFAs' roles and functions, and of SCFA-producing bacteria, from their microbiological characteristics and taxonomy to the biochemical process that lead to the release of SCFAs. Moreover, we will describe the potential therapeutic approaches to boost the levels of SCFAs in the human gut and treat different related diseases.

Fusco, W., Lorenzo, M. B., Cintoni, M., Porcari, S., Rinninella, E., Kaitsas, F., Lener, E., Mele, M. C., Gasbarrini, A., Collado, M. C., Cammarota, G., Ianiro, G., Short-Chain Fatty-Acid-Producing Bacteria: Key Components of the Human Gut Microbiota, <<NUTRIENTS>>, 2023; 15 (9): 2211-N/A. [doi:10.3390/nu15092211] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/247757]

Short-Chain Fatty-Acid-Producing Bacteria: Key Components of the Human Gut Microbiota

Fusco, William;Cintoni, Marco;Porcari, Serena;Rinninella, Emanuele;Mele, Maria Cristina;Gasbarrini, Antonio;Cammarota, Giovanni;Ianiro, Gianluca
2023

Abstract

Short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) play a key role in health and disease, as they regulate gut homeostasis and their deficiency is involved in the pathogenesis of several disorders, including inflammatory bowel diseases, colorectal cancer, and cardiometabolic disorders. SCFAs are metabolites of specific bacterial taxa of the human gut microbiota, and their production is influenced by specific foods or food supplements, mainly prebiotics, by the direct fostering of these taxa. This Review provides an overview of SCFAs' roles and functions, and of SCFA-producing bacteria, from their microbiological characteristics and taxonomy to the biochemical process that lead to the release of SCFAs. Moreover, we will describe the potential therapeutic approaches to boost the levels of SCFAs in the human gut and treat different related diseases.
2023
Inglese
Fusco, W., Lorenzo, M. B., Cintoni, M., Porcari, S., Rinninella, E., Kaitsas, F., Lener, E., Mele, M. C., Gasbarrini, A., Collado, M. C., Cammarota, G., Ianiro, G., Short-Chain Fatty-Acid-Producing Bacteria: Key Components of the Human Gut Microbiota, <<NUTRIENTS>>, 2023; 15 (9): 2211-N/A. [doi:10.3390/nu15092211] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/247757]
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