Gut microbiota (GM) modulation can be investigated as possible solution to enhance recovery after COVID-19. An open-label, single-center, single-arm, pilot, interventional study was performed by enrolling twenty patients recently recovered from COVID-19 to investigate the role of a mixed probiotic, containing Lactobacilli, Bifidobacteria and Streptococcus thermophilus, on gastrointestinal symptoms, local and systemic inflammation, intestinal barrier integrity and GM profile. Gastrointestinal Symptom Rating Scale, cytokines, inflammatory, gut permeability, and integrity markers were evaluated before (T-0) and after 8 weeks (T-1) of probiotic supplementation. GM profiling was based on 16S-rRNA targeted-metagenomics and QIIME 2.0, LEfSe and PICRUSt computational algorithms. Multiple machine learning (ML) models were trained to classify GM at T-0 and T-1. A statistically significant reduction of IL-6 (p < 0.001), TNF-a (p < 0.001) and IL-12RA (p < 0.02), citrulline (p value < 0.001) was reported at T-1. GM global distribution and microbial biomarkers strictly reflected probiotic composition, with a general increase in Bifidobacteria at T-1. Twelve unique KEGG orthologs were associated only to T-0, including tetracycline resistance cassettes. ML classified the GM at T-1 with 100% score at phylum level. Bifidobacteriaceae and Bifidobacterium spp. inversely correlated to reduction of citrulline and inflammatory cytokines. Probiotic supplementation during post-COVID-19 may trigger anti-inflammatory effects though Bifidobacteria and related-metabolism enhancement.

Laterza, L., Putignani, L., Settanni, C. R., Petito, V., Varca, S., De Maio, F., Macari, G., Guarrasi, V., Gremese, E., Tolusso, B., Wlderk, G., Pirro, M. A., Fanali, C., Scaldaferri, F., Turchini, L., Amatucci, V., Sanguinetti, M., Gasbarrini, A., Ecology and Machine Learning-Based Classification Models of Gut Microbiota and Inflammatory Markers May Evaluate the Effects of Probiotic Supplementation in Patients Recently Recovered from COVID-19, <<INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES>>, N/A; 24 (7): 6623-N/A. [doi:10.3390/ijms24076623] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/240235]

Ecology and Machine Learning-Based Classification Models of Gut Microbiota and Inflammatory Markers May Evaluate the Effects of Probiotic Supplementation in Patients Recently Recovered from COVID-19

Laterza, Lucrezia;Putignani, Lorenza;Settanni, Carlo Romano;Petito, Valentina;Varca, Simone;De Maio, Flavio;Gremese, Elisa;Tolusso, Barbara;Wlderk, Giulia;Pirro, Maria Antonia;Fanali, Caterina;Scaldaferri, Franco;Turchini, Laura;Amatucci, Valeria;Sanguinetti, Maurizio;Gasbarrini, Antonio
2023

Abstract

Gut microbiota (GM) modulation can be investigated as possible solution to enhance recovery after COVID-19. An open-label, single-center, single-arm, pilot, interventional study was performed by enrolling twenty patients recently recovered from COVID-19 to investigate the role of a mixed probiotic, containing Lactobacilli, Bifidobacteria and Streptococcus thermophilus, on gastrointestinal symptoms, local and systemic inflammation, intestinal barrier integrity and GM profile. Gastrointestinal Symptom Rating Scale, cytokines, inflammatory, gut permeability, and integrity markers were evaluated before (T-0) and after 8 weeks (T-1) of probiotic supplementation. GM profiling was based on 16S-rRNA targeted-metagenomics and QIIME 2.0, LEfSe and PICRUSt computational algorithms. Multiple machine learning (ML) models were trained to classify GM at T-0 and T-1. A statistically significant reduction of IL-6 (p < 0.001), TNF-a (p < 0.001) and IL-12RA (p < 0.02), citrulline (p value < 0.001) was reported at T-1. GM global distribution and microbial biomarkers strictly reflected probiotic composition, with a general increase in Bifidobacteria at T-1. Twelve unique KEGG orthologs were associated only to T-0, including tetracycline resistance cassettes. ML classified the GM at T-1 with 100% score at phylum level. Bifidobacteriaceae and Bifidobacterium spp. inversely correlated to reduction of citrulline and inflammatory cytokines. Probiotic supplementation during post-COVID-19 may trigger anti-inflammatory effects though Bifidobacteria and related-metabolism enhancement.
2023
Inglese
Laterza, L., Putignani, L., Settanni, C. R., Petito, V., Varca, S., De Maio, F., Macari, G., Guarrasi, V., Gremese, E., Tolusso, B., Wlderk, G., Pirro, M. A., Fanali, C., Scaldaferri, F., Turchini, L., Amatucci, V., Sanguinetti, M., Gasbarrini, A., Ecology and Machine Learning-Based Classification Models of Gut Microbiota and Inflammatory Markers May Evaluate the Effects of Probiotic Supplementation in Patients Recently Recovered from COVID-19, <<INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES>>, N/A; 24 (7): 6623-N/A. [doi:10.3390/ijms24076623] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/240235]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/240235
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