: Dairy cows have to face several nutritional challenges during the transition period, and live yeast supplementation appears to be beneficial in modulating rumen activity. In this study, we evaluated the effects of live yeast supplementation on rumen function, milk production, and metabolic and inflammatory conditions. Ten Holstein multiparous cows received either live Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain Sc47; SCY) supplementation from -21 to 21 d from calving (DFC) or a control diet without yeast supplementation. Feed intake, milk yield, and rumination time were monitored until 35 DFC, and rumen fluid, feces, milk, and blood samples were collected at different time points. Compared with the control diet, SCY had increased dry matter intake (16.7 vs. 19.1 ± 0.8 kg/d in wk 2 and 3) and rumination time postpartum (449 vs. 504 ± 19.9 min/d in wk 5). Milk yield tended to be greater in SCY (40.1 vs. 45.2 ± 1.7 kg/d in wk 5), protein content tended to be higher, and somatic cell count was lower. In rumen fluid, acetate molar proportion was higher and that of propionate lower at 21 DFC, resulting in increased acetate:propionate and (acetate + butyrate):propionate ratios. Cows in the SCY group had lower fecal dry matter but higher acetate and lower propionate proportions on total volatile fatty acids at 3 DFC. Plasma analysis revealed a lower degree of inflammation after calving in SCY (i.e., lower haptoglobin concentration at 1 and 3 DFC) and a likely better liver function, as suggested by the lower γ-glutamyl transferase, even though paraoxonase was lower at 28 DFC. Plasma IL-1β concentration tended to be higher in SCY, as well as Mg and P. Overall, SCY supplementation improved rumen and hindgut fermentation profiles, also resulting in higher dry matter intake and rumination time postpartum. Moreover, the postcalving inflammatory response was milder and liver function appeared to be better. Altogether, these effects also led to greater milk yield and reduced the risk of metabolic diseases.

Cattaneo, L., Lopreiato, V., Piccioli Cappelli, F., Trevisi, E., Minuti, A., Effect of supplementing live Saccharomyces cerevisiae yeast on performance, rumen function, and metabolism during the transition period in Holstein dairy cows, <<JOURNAL OF DAIRY SCIENCE>>, 2023; 106 (6): 4353-4365. [doi:10.3168/jds.2022-23046] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/239936]

Effect of supplementing live Saccharomyces cerevisiae yeast on performance, rumen function, and metabolism during the transition period in Holstein dairy cows

Cattaneo, Luca;Lopreiato, Vincenzo;Piccioli Cappelli, Fiorenzo;Trevisi, Erminio;Minuti, Andrea
2023

Abstract

: Dairy cows have to face several nutritional challenges during the transition period, and live yeast supplementation appears to be beneficial in modulating rumen activity. In this study, we evaluated the effects of live yeast supplementation on rumen function, milk production, and metabolic and inflammatory conditions. Ten Holstein multiparous cows received either live Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain Sc47; SCY) supplementation from -21 to 21 d from calving (DFC) or a control diet without yeast supplementation. Feed intake, milk yield, and rumination time were monitored until 35 DFC, and rumen fluid, feces, milk, and blood samples were collected at different time points. Compared with the control diet, SCY had increased dry matter intake (16.7 vs. 19.1 ± 0.8 kg/d in wk 2 and 3) and rumination time postpartum (449 vs. 504 ± 19.9 min/d in wk 5). Milk yield tended to be greater in SCY (40.1 vs. 45.2 ± 1.7 kg/d in wk 5), protein content tended to be higher, and somatic cell count was lower. In rumen fluid, acetate molar proportion was higher and that of propionate lower at 21 DFC, resulting in increased acetate:propionate and (acetate + butyrate):propionate ratios. Cows in the SCY group had lower fecal dry matter but higher acetate and lower propionate proportions on total volatile fatty acids at 3 DFC. Plasma analysis revealed a lower degree of inflammation after calving in SCY (i.e., lower haptoglobin concentration at 1 and 3 DFC) and a likely better liver function, as suggested by the lower γ-glutamyl transferase, even though paraoxonase was lower at 28 DFC. Plasma IL-1β concentration tended to be higher in SCY, as well as Mg and P. Overall, SCY supplementation improved rumen and hindgut fermentation profiles, also resulting in higher dry matter intake and rumination time postpartum. Moreover, the postcalving inflammatory response was milder and liver function appeared to be better. Altogether, these effects also led to greater milk yield and reduced the risk of metabolic diseases.
2023
Inglese
Cattaneo, L., Lopreiato, V., Piccioli Cappelli, F., Trevisi, E., Minuti, A., Effect of supplementing live Saccharomyces cerevisiae yeast on performance, rumen function, and metabolism during the transition period in Holstein dairy cows, <<JOURNAL OF DAIRY SCIENCE>>, 2023; 106 (6): 4353-4365. [doi:10.3168/jds.2022-23046] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/239936]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/239936
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