We report 634 patients who underwent unmanipulated haploidentical (HAPLO) bone marrow transplantation (BMT) in two Centers. The diagnosis was acute myeloid leukemia (AML) (n = 251), acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL)(n = 107), myelodysplastic syndrome and myelofibrosis (MDS + MF) (n = 125) and chronic lymphoproliferative disorders (n = 151). Median age was 52 years (16-74). Graft versus host disease (GvHD) prophylaxis was intravenous cyclosporin (CSA) starting on day 0, oral mycophenolate on day +1, and post-transplant cyclophosphamide (PTCY) on days +3 + 5. Primary graft failure was seen in 23 patients (3,6%); 17 /23 (74%) were rescued with second HAPLO graft, and were alive at one year. The cumulative incidence of acute GvHD grade II-IV was 29% and 3% for grade III-IV; the cumulative incidence of moderate severe chronic GvHD was 23%: older donor and patients age were significant predictors of both acute and chronic GvHD. The overall non relapse mortality (NRM) at 2 years was 19%: 8%, 21% and 30% in patients aged <40, 41-60 > 60 years. Disease free survival (DFS) at 5 years was 64% for acute leukemia in first remission, 51% for acute leukemia CR2, 25% for acute leukemia advanced disease and 49% for MDS/MPN. We confirm, on a relatively large number of patients, that unmanipulated HAPLO BMT with PTCY on days +3 + 5, mostly after a myeloablative conditioning regimen, is followed by a low incidence of graft failure and grade III-IV GvHD; moderate severe chronic GvHD is 23% and NRM at 2 years 19%; 5 year DFS is influenced by remission status of the underlying disease.

Sica, S., Haploidentical bone marrow transplants with post transplant cyclophosphamide on day + 3 + 5: The Genova protocol, <<BLOOD REVIEWS>>, 2022; (11): 101-101. [doi:10.1016/j.blre.2022.101031] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/229478]

Haploidentical bone marrow transplants with post transplant cyclophosphamide on day + 3 + 5: The Genova protocol

Sica, Simona
Penultimo
Membro del Collaboration Group
2022

Abstract

We report 634 patients who underwent unmanipulated haploidentical (HAPLO) bone marrow transplantation (BMT) in two Centers. The diagnosis was acute myeloid leukemia (AML) (n = 251), acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL)(n = 107), myelodysplastic syndrome and myelofibrosis (MDS + MF) (n = 125) and chronic lymphoproliferative disorders (n = 151). Median age was 52 years (16-74). Graft versus host disease (GvHD) prophylaxis was intravenous cyclosporin (CSA) starting on day 0, oral mycophenolate on day +1, and post-transplant cyclophosphamide (PTCY) on days +3 + 5. Primary graft failure was seen in 23 patients (3,6%); 17 /23 (74%) were rescued with second HAPLO graft, and were alive at one year. The cumulative incidence of acute GvHD grade II-IV was 29% and 3% for grade III-IV; the cumulative incidence of moderate severe chronic GvHD was 23%: older donor and patients age were significant predictors of both acute and chronic GvHD. The overall non relapse mortality (NRM) at 2 years was 19%: 8%, 21% and 30% in patients aged <40, 41-60 > 60 years. Disease free survival (DFS) at 5 years was 64% for acute leukemia in first remission, 51% for acute leukemia CR2, 25% for acute leukemia advanced disease and 49% for MDS/MPN. We confirm, on a relatively large number of patients, that unmanipulated HAPLO BMT with PTCY on days +3 + 5, mostly after a myeloablative conditioning regimen, is followed by a low incidence of graft failure and grade III-IV GvHD; moderate severe chronic GvHD is 23% and NRM at 2 years 19%; 5 year DFS is influenced by remission status of the underlying disease.
2022
Inglese
Sica, S., Haploidentical bone marrow transplants with post transplant cyclophosphamide on day + 3 + 5: The Genova protocol, <<BLOOD REVIEWS>>, 2022; (11): 101-101. [doi:10.1016/j.blre.2022.101031] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/229478]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/229478
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