Several studies identified noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) as a risk factor for sensory aging and cognitive decline processes, including neurodegenerative diseases, such as dementia and age-related hearing loss (ARHL). Although the association between noise-and age-induced hearing impairment has been widely documented by epidemiological and experimental studies, the molecular mechanisms underlying this association are not fully understood as it is not known how these risk factors (aging and noise) can interact, affecting memory processes. We recently found that early noise exposure in an established animal model of ARHL (C57BL/6 mice) accelerates the onset of age-related cochlear dysfunctions. Here, we extended our previous data by investigating what happens in central brain structures (auditory cortex and hippocampus), to assess the relationship between hearing and memory impairment and the possible combined effect of noise and sensory aging on the cognitive domain. To this aim, we exposed juvenile C57BL/6 mice of 2 months of age to repeated noise sessions (60 min/ day, pure tone of 100 dB SPL, 10 kHz, 10 consecutive days) and we monitored auditory threshold by measuring auditory brainstem responses (ABR), spatial working memory, by using the Y-maze test, and basal synaptic transmission by using ex vivo electrophysiological recordings, at different time points (1, 4 and 7 months after the onset of noise exposure, corresponding to 3, 6 and 9 months of age). We found that hearing loss, along with accelerated presbycusis onset, can induce persistent synaptic alterations in the auditory cortex. This was asso-ciated with decreased memory performance and oxidative-inflammatory injury in the hippocampus, the extra -auditory structure involved in memory processes. Collectively, our data confirm the critical relationship be-tween auditory and memory circuits, suggesting that the combined detrimental effect of noise and sensory aging on hearing function can be considered a high-risk factor for both sensory and cognitive degenerative processes, given that early noise exposure accelerates presbycusis phenotype and induces hippocampal-dependent memory dysfunctions.

Paciello, F., Pisani, A., Rinaudo, M., Cocco, S., Paludetti, G., Fetoni, A. R., Grassi, C., Noise-induced auditory damage affects hippocampus causing memory deficits in a model of early age-related hearing loss, <<NEUROBIOLOGY OF DISEASE>>, 2023; (178): N/A-N/A. [doi:10.1016/j.nbd.2023.106024] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/229081]

Noise-induced auditory damage affects hippocampus causing memory deficits in a model of early age-related hearing loss

Paciello, Fabiola;Pisani, Anna;Rinaudo, Marco;Cocco, Sara;Paludetti, Gaetano;Fetoni, Anna Rita
;
Grassi, Claudio
2023

Abstract

Several studies identified noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) as a risk factor for sensory aging and cognitive decline processes, including neurodegenerative diseases, such as dementia and age-related hearing loss (ARHL). Although the association between noise-and age-induced hearing impairment has been widely documented by epidemiological and experimental studies, the molecular mechanisms underlying this association are not fully understood as it is not known how these risk factors (aging and noise) can interact, affecting memory processes. We recently found that early noise exposure in an established animal model of ARHL (C57BL/6 mice) accelerates the onset of age-related cochlear dysfunctions. Here, we extended our previous data by investigating what happens in central brain structures (auditory cortex and hippocampus), to assess the relationship between hearing and memory impairment and the possible combined effect of noise and sensory aging on the cognitive domain. To this aim, we exposed juvenile C57BL/6 mice of 2 months of age to repeated noise sessions (60 min/ day, pure tone of 100 dB SPL, 10 kHz, 10 consecutive days) and we monitored auditory threshold by measuring auditory brainstem responses (ABR), spatial working memory, by using the Y-maze test, and basal synaptic transmission by using ex vivo electrophysiological recordings, at different time points (1, 4 and 7 months after the onset of noise exposure, corresponding to 3, 6 and 9 months of age). We found that hearing loss, along with accelerated presbycusis onset, can induce persistent synaptic alterations in the auditory cortex. This was asso-ciated with decreased memory performance and oxidative-inflammatory injury in the hippocampus, the extra -auditory structure involved in memory processes. Collectively, our data confirm the critical relationship be-tween auditory and memory circuits, suggesting that the combined detrimental effect of noise and sensory aging on hearing function can be considered a high-risk factor for both sensory and cognitive degenerative processes, given that early noise exposure accelerates presbycusis phenotype and induces hippocampal-dependent memory dysfunctions.
2023
Inglese
Paciello, F., Pisani, A., Rinaudo, M., Cocco, S., Paludetti, G., Fetoni, A. R., Grassi, C., Noise-induced auditory damage affects hippocampus causing memory deficits in a model of early age-related hearing loss, <<NEUROBIOLOGY OF DISEASE>>, 2023; (178): N/A-N/A. [doi:10.1016/j.nbd.2023.106024] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/229081]
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