An unsupervised machine learning approach (ML) of rumination time (RT) data was used to evaluate metabolic and lactation performance in a cohort of Simmental dairy cows (29) around parturition. The k-means clustering (unsupervised ML) was used to generate clusters based on RT (Hr-Tags; SCR by Allflex) over 24 h from 1 to 7-d post-calving. Two large clusters were obtained: high (High-RT, n = 13) and low (Low-RT, n = 12). Milk production was recorded until 42 d in lactation and milk samples collected weekly. Blood samples were collected from −21 to +28 d relative to calving. Data were subjected to PROC MIXED of SAS. Compared with Low-RT, High-RT cows had lower plasma BHB (3, 7, and 14 d), haptoglobin (3 and 7 d), and non-esterified fatty acids (1 and 3 d). High-RT cows had greater tocopherol from 3 to 28 d, fructosamine and albumin at 7 d, and retinol at 3 and 7 d after calving than Low-RT cows. Compared with multiparous Low-RT, milk production was greater in multiparous High-RT cows, but no differences were detected for primiparous. Only for multiparous, High-RT cows displayed a greater LFI than Low-Rt cows. The close relationship between RT and the physiological state at the onset of lactation supports the use of RT as an indicator of metabolic and inflammatory adaptations to the negative energy balance of cows after parturition. At the farm level, these outcomes provide information to farmers that can be helpful in management decisions for cow health, complementing traditional methods.HIGHLIGHTS The unsupervised ML applied was able to group cows with different RT increase rates after calving based on differences in plasma biomarkers of energy metabolism, inflammatory response, and liver functionality, particularly in multiparous cows. A quicker increase in RT after calving was associated with a lower inflammatory response, lower lipid mobilisation, and greater milk production. At the farm level, the fine-tuning of specific algorithm in the actual sensors considering the rate of increase of RT after calving can be helpful in management decisions for cow health, complementing traditional methods to better monitor early lactation dairy cows.

Lopreiato, V., Ghaffari, M. H., Cattaneo, L., Ferronato, G., Alharthi, A. S., Piccioli Cappelli, F., Loor, J. J., Trevisi, E., Minuti, A., Suitability of rumination time during the first week after calving for detecting metabolic status and lactation performance in simmental dairy cows: a cluster-analytic approach, <<ITALIAN JOURNAL OF ANIMAL SCIENCE>>, 2021; 20 (1): 1909-1923. [doi:10.1080/1828051X.2021.1963862] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/227379]

Suitability of rumination time during the first week after calving for detecting metabolic status and lactation performance in simmental dairy cows: a cluster-analytic approach

Lopreiato, Vincenzo;Cattaneo, Luca;Ferronato, Giulia;Piccioli Cappelli, Fiorenzo;Trevisi, Erminio
Penultimo
;
Minuti, Andrea
Ultimo
2021

Abstract

An unsupervised machine learning approach (ML) of rumination time (RT) data was used to evaluate metabolic and lactation performance in a cohort of Simmental dairy cows (29) around parturition. The k-means clustering (unsupervised ML) was used to generate clusters based on RT (Hr-Tags; SCR by Allflex) over 24 h from 1 to 7-d post-calving. Two large clusters were obtained: high (High-RT, n = 13) and low (Low-RT, n = 12). Milk production was recorded until 42 d in lactation and milk samples collected weekly. Blood samples were collected from −21 to +28 d relative to calving. Data were subjected to PROC MIXED of SAS. Compared with Low-RT, High-RT cows had lower plasma BHB (3, 7, and 14 d), haptoglobin (3 and 7 d), and non-esterified fatty acids (1 and 3 d). High-RT cows had greater tocopherol from 3 to 28 d, fructosamine and albumin at 7 d, and retinol at 3 and 7 d after calving than Low-RT cows. Compared with multiparous Low-RT, milk production was greater in multiparous High-RT cows, but no differences were detected for primiparous. Only for multiparous, High-RT cows displayed a greater LFI than Low-Rt cows. The close relationship between RT and the physiological state at the onset of lactation supports the use of RT as an indicator of metabolic and inflammatory adaptations to the negative energy balance of cows after parturition. At the farm level, these outcomes provide information to farmers that can be helpful in management decisions for cow health, complementing traditional methods.HIGHLIGHTS The unsupervised ML applied was able to group cows with different RT increase rates after calving based on differences in plasma biomarkers of energy metabolism, inflammatory response, and liver functionality, particularly in multiparous cows. A quicker increase in RT after calving was associated with a lower inflammatory response, lower lipid mobilisation, and greater milk production. At the farm level, the fine-tuning of specific algorithm in the actual sensors considering the rate of increase of RT after calving can be helpful in management decisions for cow health, complementing traditional methods to better monitor early lactation dairy cows.
2021
Inglese
Lopreiato, V., Ghaffari, M. H., Cattaneo, L., Ferronato, G., Alharthi, A. S., Piccioli Cappelli, F., Loor, J. J., Trevisi, E., Minuti, A., Suitability of rumination time during the first week after calving for detecting metabolic status and lactation performance in simmental dairy cows: a cluster-analytic approach, <<ITALIAN JOURNAL OF ANIMAL SCIENCE>>, 2021; 20 (1): 1909-1923. [doi:10.1080/1828051X.2021.1963862] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/227379]
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/227379
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 3
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 3
social impact