Children with complex medical issues often present different comorbidities that cause feeding difficulties. Gastrostomy is often helpful, and should be performed when nutritional supplementation is necessary for longer than 6 weeks. Recently, different techniques have been used for gastrostomy in children. The authors report on their experiences regarding the diagnostic and therapeutic management of children requiring gastrostomy. All patients managed in the last 10 years were reviewed, retrospectively. Everyone underwent investigation to exclude gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). A total of 148 patients: 111 cases (75%) were neurologically impaired patients, 18 (12%) had complex heart disease, 10 (6%) had metabolic diseases, 4 (3%) had fibrosis cystic, 4 (3%) had muscle disease, and one had chromosomopathy. After investigation, 49 patients had GERD. PEG was performed in 101 cases (68%), laparo-assisted gastrostomy was performed in 44 cases (29.7%), open gastrostomy was performed in three cases. At follow-up, all patients reported weight gain, but 13 cases had major complications. Currently, the surgeon has the possibility of choosing between several safe techniques for gastrostomy. In our experience, PEG is the most useful technique for patients without GERD, while a laparo-assisted technique is better for patients who require laparoscopic fundoplication.

Noviello, C., Romano, M., Bindi, E., Cobellis, G., Nobile, S., Papparella, A., What Is the Correct Way to Manage Children Requiring Gastrostomy? Single Center Experience, <<GASTROENTEROLOGY INSIGHTS>>, 2021; 12 (3): 329-335. [doi:10.3390/gastroent12030030] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/223446]

What Is the Correct Way to Manage Children Requiring Gastrostomy? Single Center Experience

Nobile, Stefano;
2021

Abstract

Children with complex medical issues often present different comorbidities that cause feeding difficulties. Gastrostomy is often helpful, and should be performed when nutritional supplementation is necessary for longer than 6 weeks. Recently, different techniques have been used for gastrostomy in children. The authors report on their experiences regarding the diagnostic and therapeutic management of children requiring gastrostomy. All patients managed in the last 10 years were reviewed, retrospectively. Everyone underwent investigation to exclude gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). A total of 148 patients: 111 cases (75%) were neurologically impaired patients, 18 (12%) had complex heart disease, 10 (6%) had metabolic diseases, 4 (3%) had fibrosis cystic, 4 (3%) had muscle disease, and one had chromosomopathy. After investigation, 49 patients had GERD. PEG was performed in 101 cases (68%), laparo-assisted gastrostomy was performed in 44 cases (29.7%), open gastrostomy was performed in three cases. At follow-up, all patients reported weight gain, but 13 cases had major complications. Currently, the surgeon has the possibility of choosing between several safe techniques for gastrostomy. In our experience, PEG is the most useful technique for patients without GERD, while a laparo-assisted technique is better for patients who require laparoscopic fundoplication.
Inglese
Noviello, C., Romano, M., Bindi, E., Cobellis, G., Nobile, S., Papparella, A., What Is the Correct Way to Manage Children Requiring Gastrostomy? Single Center Experience, <<GASTROENTEROLOGY INSIGHTS>>, 2021; 12 (3): 329-335. [doi:10.3390/gastroent12030030] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/223446]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/223446
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