Respiratory distress (RD) is one of the most common causes of admission to the neonatal intensive care unit. Correct diagnosis and timely intervention are crucial. Lung ultrasonography (LU) is a useful diagnostic tool for the neonatologist in the diagnosis of RD; the neonatal lung ultrasonography score (nLUS) can be used in the diagnostic process, but some authors hypothesise that it is also useful for the management of some neonatal RD. The aim of this study is to analyse the changes in nLUS score before (T0) and after (T1) the start of respiratory support with nasal CPAP in neonates over 32 weeks of age with RD. Thirty-three newborns were enrolled in this retrospective study. LU was performed before and after the start of CPAP. The median nLUS scores at T0 and T1 were 9 (IQR 7–12) and 7 (IQR 4–10), respectively, and showed a significant difference (p < 0.001). The magnitude of reduction in nLUS score, expressed as a percentage, was inversely related to the need for subsequent administration of exogenous surfactant. The study suggests the usefulness of the nLUS score in assessing the response to CPAP in neonates over 32 weeks gestational age.

Perri, A., Fattore, S., D'Andrea, V., Sbordone, A., Patti, M. L., Nobile, S., Tirone, C., Giordano, L., Tana, M., Priolo, F., Serrao, F., Riccardi, R., Prontera, G., Vento, G., Lowering of the Neonatal Lung Ultrasonography Score after nCPAP Positioning in Neonates over 32 Weeks of Gestational Age with Neonatal Respiratory Distress, <<DIAGNOSTICS>>, 2022; 12 (8): N/A-N/A. [doi:10.3390/diagnostics12081909] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/223167]

Lowering of the Neonatal Lung Ultrasonography Score after nCPAP Positioning in Neonates over 32 Weeks of Gestational Age with Neonatal Respiratory Distress

Perri, Alessandro;Fattore, Simona;D'Andrea, Vito;Nobile, Stefano;Tirone, Chiara;Giordano, Lucia;Tana, Milena;Priolo, Francesca;Serrao, Francesca;Riccardi, Riccardo;Prontera, Giorgia;Vento, Giovanni
2022

Abstract

Respiratory distress (RD) is one of the most common causes of admission to the neonatal intensive care unit. Correct diagnosis and timely intervention are crucial. Lung ultrasonography (LU) is a useful diagnostic tool for the neonatologist in the diagnosis of RD; the neonatal lung ultrasonography score (nLUS) can be used in the diagnostic process, but some authors hypothesise that it is also useful for the management of some neonatal RD. The aim of this study is to analyse the changes in nLUS score before (T0) and after (T1) the start of respiratory support with nasal CPAP in neonates over 32 weeks of age with RD. Thirty-three newborns were enrolled in this retrospective study. LU was performed before and after the start of CPAP. The median nLUS scores at T0 and T1 were 9 (IQR 7–12) and 7 (IQR 4–10), respectively, and showed a significant difference (p < 0.001). The magnitude of reduction in nLUS score, expressed as a percentage, was inversely related to the need for subsequent administration of exogenous surfactant. The study suggests the usefulness of the nLUS score in assessing the response to CPAP in neonates over 32 weeks gestational age.
Inglese
Perri, A., Fattore, S., D'Andrea, V., Sbordone, A., Patti, M. L., Nobile, S., Tirone, C., Giordano, L., Tana, M., Priolo, F., Serrao, F., Riccardi, R., Prontera, G., Vento, G., Lowering of the Neonatal Lung Ultrasonography Score after nCPAP Positioning in Neonates over 32 Weeks of Gestational Age with Neonatal Respiratory Distress, <<DIAGNOSTICS>>, 2022; 12 (8): N/A-N/A. [doi:10.3390/diagnostics12081909] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/223167]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/223167
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