Purpose: To correlate somatostatin receptor (SSTR) and proliferative activity profile (SSTR2, SSTR5, Ki-67) at immunohistochemistry (IHC) with SSTR-PET/CT imaging features in a retrospective series of lung neuroendocrine tumors (NET). Proliferative activity by Ki-67 and 18F-FDG-PET/CT parameters (when available) were also correlated. Methods: Among 551 patients who underwent SSTR-PET/CT with 68Ga-DOTA-somatostatin analogs (SSA) between July 2011 and March 2020 for lung neuroendocrine neoplasms, 32 patients with a confirmed diagnosis of NET were included. For 14 of them, 18F-FDG-PET/CT was available. PET/CT images were reviewed by qualitative and semi-quantitative analyses. Immunohistochemistry for SSTR2, SSTR5, and Ki-67 was assessed. Inferential analysis was performed including kappa statistics and Spearman’s rank correlation test. Results: Definitive diagnosis consisted of 26 typical carcinoids-G1 and six atypical carcinoids-G2. Positive SSTR2-IHC was found in 62.5% of samples while SSTR5-IHC positivity was 19.4%. A correlation between SSTR2-IHC and SSTR-PET/CT was found in 24/32 cases (75.0%, p = 0.003): 20 were concordantly positive, 4 concordantly negative. For positive IHC, 100% concordance with SSTR-PET/CT (both positive) was observed, while for negative IHC concordance (both negative) was 33.3%. In 8 cases, IHC was negative while SSTR-PET/CT was positive, even though with low-grade uptake in all but one. A significant correlation between SUVmax values at SSTR-PET/CT and the SSTR2-IHC scores was found, with low SUVmax values corresponding to negative IHC and higher SUVmax values to positive IHC (p = 0.002). Conclusion: This retrospective study showed an overall good agreement between SSTR2-IHC and tumor uptake at SSTR-PET/CT in lung NETs. SSTR-PET/CT SUVmax values can be used as a parameter of SSTR2 density. Within the limits imposed by the relatively small cohort, our data suggest that SSTR2-IHC may surrogate SSTR-PET/CT in selected lung NET patients for clinical decision making when SSTR-PET/CT is not available.

Rufini, V., Lorusso, M. L., Inzani, F., Pasciuto, T., Triumbari, E. K. A., Grillo, L. R., Locco, F., Margaritora, S., Pescarmona, E., Rindi, G., Correlation of somatostatin receptor PET/CT imaging features and immunohistochemistry in neuroendocrine tumors of the lung: a retrospective observational study, <<EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NUCLEAR MEDICINE AND MOLECULAR IMAGING>>, 2022; 49 (12): 4182-4193. [doi:10.1007/s00259-022-05848-z] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/222387]

Correlation of somatostatin receptor PET/CT imaging features and immunohistochemistry in neuroendocrine tumors of the lung: a retrospective observational study

Rufini, Vittoria;Lorusso, Maria Luisa;Inzani, Frediano;Pasciuto, Tina;Margaritora, Stefano;Rindi, Guido
2022

Abstract

Purpose: To correlate somatostatin receptor (SSTR) and proliferative activity profile (SSTR2, SSTR5, Ki-67) at immunohistochemistry (IHC) with SSTR-PET/CT imaging features in a retrospective series of lung neuroendocrine tumors (NET). Proliferative activity by Ki-67 and 18F-FDG-PET/CT parameters (when available) were also correlated. Methods: Among 551 patients who underwent SSTR-PET/CT with 68Ga-DOTA-somatostatin analogs (SSA) between July 2011 and March 2020 for lung neuroendocrine neoplasms, 32 patients with a confirmed diagnosis of NET were included. For 14 of them, 18F-FDG-PET/CT was available. PET/CT images were reviewed by qualitative and semi-quantitative analyses. Immunohistochemistry for SSTR2, SSTR5, and Ki-67 was assessed. Inferential analysis was performed including kappa statistics and Spearman’s rank correlation test. Results: Definitive diagnosis consisted of 26 typical carcinoids-G1 and six atypical carcinoids-G2. Positive SSTR2-IHC was found in 62.5% of samples while SSTR5-IHC positivity was 19.4%. A correlation between SSTR2-IHC and SSTR-PET/CT was found in 24/32 cases (75.0%, p = 0.003): 20 were concordantly positive, 4 concordantly negative. For positive IHC, 100% concordance with SSTR-PET/CT (both positive) was observed, while for negative IHC concordance (both negative) was 33.3%. In 8 cases, IHC was negative while SSTR-PET/CT was positive, even though with low-grade uptake in all but one. A significant correlation between SUVmax values at SSTR-PET/CT and the SSTR2-IHC scores was found, with low SUVmax values corresponding to negative IHC and higher SUVmax values to positive IHC (p = 0.002). Conclusion: This retrospective study showed an overall good agreement between SSTR2-IHC and tumor uptake at SSTR-PET/CT in lung NETs. SSTR-PET/CT SUVmax values can be used as a parameter of SSTR2 density. Within the limits imposed by the relatively small cohort, our data suggest that SSTR2-IHC may surrogate SSTR-PET/CT in selected lung NET patients for clinical decision making when SSTR-PET/CT is not available.
Inglese
Rufini, V., Lorusso, M. L., Inzani, F., Pasciuto, T., Triumbari, E. K. A., Grillo, L. R., Locco, F., Margaritora, S., Pescarmona, E., Rindi, G., Correlation of somatostatin receptor PET/CT imaging features and immunohistochemistry in neuroendocrine tumors of the lung: a retrospective observational study, <<EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NUCLEAR MEDICINE AND MOLECULAR IMAGING>>, 2022; 49 (12): 4182-4193. [doi:10.1007/s00259-022-05848-z] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/222387]
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/222387
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 1
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 2
social impact