Objective: Considering the impact of dysphonia on public health and the increasing attention to patient-centred care, we evaluated sex-related differences in the prevalence of benign voice disorders, awareness of dysphonia and voice therapy (VT) results. Methods: One hundred and seventy-one patients, 129 females and 42 males, with functional or organic benign dysphonia underwent Voice Handicap Index (VHI), auditory-perceptual dysphonia severity scoring (GRBAS) and acoustic analysis (Jitter%, Shimmer%, NHR) before and after VT. Results: Prevalence of each voice disorder was significantly higher among females. Mean time-to-diagnosis (time elapsed until medical consultation) was not different between males and females. The refusal of therapy and VT adherence (mean number of absences and premature dropout) were similar in the two groups. Pre-VT VHI and "G" parameter were worse in women. The percentage of women with abnormal acoustic analysis was significantly higher. Post-VT VHI gain was higher in women, whereas "G" parameter improvement did not differ by sex. Conclusions: Our study showed a higher prevalence of voice disorders in females. Awareness of dysphonia was not gender related. Females started with worse voice subjective perception and acoustic analysis, but they perceived greater improvement after therapy.

Marchese, M. R., Longobardi, Y., Di Cesare, T., Mari, G., Terruso, V., Galli, J., D'Alatri, L., Gender-related differences in the prevalence of voice disorders and awareness of dysphonia, <<ACTA OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGICA ITALICA>>, 2022; 42 (5): 458-464. [doi:10.14639/0392-100X-N2018] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/222364]

Gender-related differences in the prevalence of voice disorders and awareness of dysphonia

Marchese, Maria Raffaella
Primo
;
Longobardi, Ylenia
Secondo
;
Di Cesare, Tiziana
;
Mari, Giorgia;Galli, Jacopo
Penultimo
;
D'Alatri, Lucia
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

Objective: Considering the impact of dysphonia on public health and the increasing attention to patient-centred care, we evaluated sex-related differences in the prevalence of benign voice disorders, awareness of dysphonia and voice therapy (VT) results. Methods: One hundred and seventy-one patients, 129 females and 42 males, with functional or organic benign dysphonia underwent Voice Handicap Index (VHI), auditory-perceptual dysphonia severity scoring (GRBAS) and acoustic analysis (Jitter%, Shimmer%, NHR) before and after VT. Results: Prevalence of each voice disorder was significantly higher among females. Mean time-to-diagnosis (time elapsed until medical consultation) was not different between males and females. The refusal of therapy and VT adherence (mean number of absences and premature dropout) were similar in the two groups. Pre-VT VHI and "G" parameter were worse in women. The percentage of women with abnormal acoustic analysis was significantly higher. Post-VT VHI gain was higher in women, whereas "G" parameter improvement did not differ by sex. Conclusions: Our study showed a higher prevalence of voice disorders in females. Awareness of dysphonia was not gender related. Females started with worse voice subjective perception and acoustic analysis, but they perceived greater improvement after therapy.
Inglese
Marchese, M. R., Longobardi, Y., Di Cesare, T., Mari, G., Terruso, V., Galli, J., D'Alatri, L., Gender-related differences in the prevalence of voice disorders and awareness of dysphonia, <<ACTA OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGICA ITALICA>>, 2022; 42 (5): 458-464. [doi:10.14639/0392-100X-N2018] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/222364]
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