Crowdfunded microloans are a suitable tool for financing basic economic activities in developing as well as developed countries, favouring female empowerment. Despite the loans being relatively small, the widespread use of this instrument merits analyzing the factors affecting the microloan. One of these factors is gender because microloans are an important tool to finance projects promoted by women in many developing countries where microfinance is widely diffused. This research aims to determine if the gender of crowdfunded micro-borrowers is related to the main features which define the conditions of a microloan: amount, term, number of lenders, length of time to contact with borrowers and repayment system. The methodology used is the multinomial logit regression. The sample used in this study has been obtained by applying sampling techniques to a extensive public database from Kiva. This provided information on microloans from 56 countries around the world. The results based on amount, term, repayment method and recruitment period indicate that women are the best borrowers. All these variables, except the term, are significant at a 5% level. These findings may be useful to improve financial inclusion and outreach, consistently with the Sustainable Development Goals. Future research is needed to assess how “green and pink” microfinance (with environmental strategies particularly favored by women) can attract more ESG-compliant crowdfunding resources.

Salvador Cruz Rambaud,, Joaquín López Pascual,, Moro Visconti, R., Santandreu, E. M., Should gender be a determinant factor for granting crowdfunded microloans?, <<HUMANITIES AND SOCIAL SCIENCES COMMUNICATIONS>>, 2023; (January): 1-13 [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/221528]

Should gender be a determinant factor for granting crowdfunded microloans?

Moro Visconti, Roberto;
2022

Abstract

Crowdfunded microloans are a suitable tool for financing basic economic activities in developing as well as developed countries, favouring female empowerment. Despite the loans being relatively small, the widespread use of this instrument merits analyzing the factors affecting the microloan. One of these factors is gender because microloans are an important tool to finance projects promoted by women in many developing countries where microfinance is widely diffused. This research aims to determine if the gender of crowdfunded micro-borrowers is related to the main features which define the conditions of a microloan: amount, term, number of lenders, length of time to contact with borrowers and repayment system. The methodology used is the multinomial logit regression. The sample used in this study has been obtained by applying sampling techniques to a extensive public database from Kiva. This provided information on microloans from 56 countries around the world. The results based on amount, term, repayment method and recruitment period indicate that women are the best borrowers. All these variables, except the term, are significant at a 5% level. These findings may be useful to improve financial inclusion and outreach, consistently with the Sustainable Development Goals. Future research is needed to assess how “green and pink” microfinance (with environmental strategies particularly favored by women) can attract more ESG-compliant crowdfunding resources.
Inglese
Salvador Cruz Rambaud,, Joaquín López Pascual,, Moro Visconti, R., Santandreu, E. M., Should gender be a determinant factor for granting crowdfunded microloans?, <<HUMANITIES AND SOCIAL SCIENCES COMMUNICATIONS>>, 2023; (January): 1-13 [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/221528]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/221528
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