OBJECTIVE: In a recent study by our group, it was shown that a large proportion of patients with lactose malabsorption and with no bacterial overgrowth are affected by silent coeliac disease (CD). Our aim was to evaluate the effect of a gluten-free diet on lactose malabsorption assessed using the hydrogen lactose breath test (LBT) and also the relationship with normalization of duodenal biopsies in coeliac patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fifteen patients (11 F, 4 M; mean age 35.8+/-6) affected by CD with a positive LBT and negative glucose breath test were enrolled. All were started on a gluten-free diet and were re-evaluated after 6 months by LBT and after 12 months by both LBT and upper gastrointestinal endoscopy with biopsies. RESULTS: LBT normalization was observed in 1 out of 15 patients (6.7%) after 6 months and in 9 of the remaining 14 (64.2%) after 12 months. Duodenal biopsies showed normal villi in 8 patients, partial villous atrophy in 5 and total atrophy in 2. CONCLUSIONS: The present study shows that a large proportion of CD patients experience a regression of lactose malabsorption after receiving a gluten-free diet. This may be related to normalization of the brush border with an improvement of lactase enzyme activity. LBT should be performed after 12 months in CD patients on a gluten-free diet in order to assess the persistence/disappearance of lactose malabsorption, thus avoiding an unnecessary lactose-free diet.

Ojetti, V., Gabrielli, M., Migneco, A., Lauritano, E. C., Zocco, M. A., Scarpellini, E., Nista, E. C., Gasbarrini, G. B., Gasbarrini, A., Regression of lactose malabsorption in coeliac patients after receiving a gluten-free diet., <<SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF GASTROENTEROLOGY>>, 2008; (43(2)): 174-177 [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/21675]

Regression of lactose malabsorption in coeliac patients after receiving a gluten-free diet.

Ojetti, Veronica;Gabrielli, Maurizio;Migneco, Alessio;Lauritano, Ernesto Cristiano;Zocco, Maria Assunta;Scarpellini, Emidio;Nista, Enrico Celestino;Gasbarrini, Giovanni Battista;Gasbarrini, Antonio
2008

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: In a recent study by our group, it was shown that a large proportion of patients with lactose malabsorption and with no bacterial overgrowth are affected by silent coeliac disease (CD). Our aim was to evaluate the effect of a gluten-free diet on lactose malabsorption assessed using the hydrogen lactose breath test (LBT) and also the relationship with normalization of duodenal biopsies in coeliac patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fifteen patients (11 F, 4 M; mean age 35.8+/-6) affected by CD with a positive LBT and negative glucose breath test were enrolled. All were started on a gluten-free diet and were re-evaluated after 6 months by LBT and after 12 months by both LBT and upper gastrointestinal endoscopy with biopsies. RESULTS: LBT normalization was observed in 1 out of 15 patients (6.7%) after 6 months and in 9 of the remaining 14 (64.2%) after 12 months. Duodenal biopsies showed normal villi in 8 patients, partial villous atrophy in 5 and total atrophy in 2. CONCLUSIONS: The present study shows that a large proportion of CD patients experience a regression of lactose malabsorption after receiving a gluten-free diet. This may be related to normalization of the brush border with an improvement of lactase enzyme activity. LBT should be performed after 12 months in CD patients on a gluten-free diet in order to assess the persistence/disappearance of lactose malabsorption, thus avoiding an unnecessary lactose-free diet.
Inglese
Ojetti, V., Gabrielli, M., Migneco, A., Lauritano, E. C., Zocco, M. A., Scarpellini, E., Nista, E. C., Gasbarrini, G. B., Gasbarrini, A., Regression of lactose malabsorption in coeliac patients after receiving a gluten-free diet., <<SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF GASTROENTEROLOGY>>, 2008; (43(2)): 174-177 [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/21675]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/21675
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