Mutations in GJB2 gene are the most common cause of genetic deafness. More than 100 mutations have been described. The aim of this work is to describe the personal experience in genetic hearing loss, investigating the audiological and genetical characteristics of Cx26 deafness and correlating genotype and phenotype. We performed audiological and genetical evaluation in 154 patients affected by non-syndromic deafness of different degree. All patients showed a bilateral symmetrical sensorineural hearing loss. From the genetical analysis 127 probands resulted as negatives while 27 as positives (51.8% homozygous for 35 delG, 14.8% compound heterozygosis and 33.3% single mutation); 7.5% of patients had a mild deafness, 37% moderate, 33.3% severe and 22.2% profound. The c.35 delG mutation was detected in 66.6% of patients. Three mutations were found in compound heterozygosis with 35 delG, six different single mutations already described, and a new mutation S138G were also found. Correlation between genotype and phenotype confirmed the high variability of hearing loss.

Picciotti, P. M., Pietrobono, R., Neri, G., Paludetti, G., Fetoni, A. R., Cianfrone, F., Pomponi, M. G., Correlation between GJB2 mutations and audiological deficits: personal experience, <<EUROPEAN ARCHIVES OF OTO-RHINO-LARYNGOLOGY>>, 2009; 266 (4): 489-494. [doi:10.1007/s00405-008-0775-9] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/214865]

Correlation between GJB2 mutations and audiological deficits: personal experience

Picciotti, Pasqualina M;Neri, Giovanni;Paludetti, Gaetano;Fetoni, Anna Rita;
2009

Abstract

Mutations in GJB2 gene are the most common cause of genetic deafness. More than 100 mutations have been described. The aim of this work is to describe the personal experience in genetic hearing loss, investigating the audiological and genetical characteristics of Cx26 deafness and correlating genotype and phenotype. We performed audiological and genetical evaluation in 154 patients affected by non-syndromic deafness of different degree. All patients showed a bilateral symmetrical sensorineural hearing loss. From the genetical analysis 127 probands resulted as negatives while 27 as positives (51.8% homozygous for 35 delG, 14.8% compound heterozygosis and 33.3% single mutation); 7.5% of patients had a mild deafness, 37% moderate, 33.3% severe and 22.2% profound. The c.35 delG mutation was detected in 66.6% of patients. Three mutations were found in compound heterozygosis with 35 delG, six different single mutations already described, and a new mutation S138G were also found. Correlation between genotype and phenotype confirmed the high variability of hearing loss.
Inglese
Picciotti, P. M., Pietrobono, R., Neri, G., Paludetti, G., Fetoni, A. R., Cianfrone, F., Pomponi, M. G., Correlation between GJB2 mutations and audiological deficits: personal experience, <<EUROPEAN ARCHIVES OF OTO-RHINO-LARYNGOLOGY>>, 2009; 266 (4): 489-494. [doi:10.1007/s00405-008-0775-9] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/214865]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10807/214865
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