(1) Background: Psychological well-being (PWB) is a multidimensional construct which is a key protective factor against chronic diseases in older adults. Numerous psychological and cognitive factors can influence older people’s PWB. However, while most studies have explored the effect of general cognition, only a few investigated the role of specific cognitive functions such as the efficiency of executive functions. Thus, the present study aimed to directly explore the relationships between PWB, age, and the core executive functions (namely working memory, flexibility, and inhibition). (2) Methods: A sample of 51 healthy older adults (age range: 60–88) were enrolled and tested both for PWB (by Ryff’s psychological well-being scale) and the core executive functions (by the Digit span backward, the Trail Making Test, and the Stroop test). (3) Results: Age and inhibitory skills are negatively correlated to the personal growth subscale of the PWB scale. Moreover, a hierarchical regression analysis showed that inhibition, but not working memory and flexibility, predicted the sense of continued growth and development (personal growth) of older adults, even after controlling for age and educational levels. Limitations and implications for future research and prevention interventions are discussed.

Fusi, G., Palmiero, M., Lavolpe, S., Colautti, L., Crepaldi, M., Antonietti, A., Di Domenico, A., Colombo, B., Di Crosta, A., La Malva, P., Rozzini, L., Luisa Rusconi, M., Aging and Psychological Well-Being: The Possible Role of Inhibition Skills, <<HEALTHCARE>>, 2022; (10): 1-11 [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/213404]

Aging and Psychological Well-Being: The Possible Role of Inhibition Skills

Colautti, Laura;Antonietti, Alessandro;Colombo, Barbara;
2022

Abstract

(1) Background: Psychological well-being (PWB) is a multidimensional construct which is a key protective factor against chronic diseases in older adults. Numerous psychological and cognitive factors can influence older people’s PWB. However, while most studies have explored the effect of general cognition, only a few investigated the role of specific cognitive functions such as the efficiency of executive functions. Thus, the present study aimed to directly explore the relationships between PWB, age, and the core executive functions (namely working memory, flexibility, and inhibition). (2) Methods: A sample of 51 healthy older adults (age range: 60–88) were enrolled and tested both for PWB (by Ryff’s psychological well-being scale) and the core executive functions (by the Digit span backward, the Trail Making Test, and the Stroop test). (3) Results: Age and inhibitory skills are negatively correlated to the personal growth subscale of the PWB scale. Moreover, a hierarchical regression analysis showed that inhibition, but not working memory and flexibility, predicted the sense of continued growth and development (personal growth) of older adults, even after controlling for age and educational levels. Limitations and implications for future research and prevention interventions are discussed.
Inglese
Fusi, G., Palmiero, M., Lavolpe, S., Colautti, L., Crepaldi, M., Antonietti, A., Di Domenico, A., Colombo, B., Di Crosta, A., La Malva, P., Rozzini, L., Luisa Rusconi, M., Aging and Psychological Well-Being: The Possible Role of Inhibition Skills, <<HEALTHCARE>>, 2022; (10): 1-11 [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/213404]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/213404
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