Purpose: In acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), physiological parameters associated with outcome may help defining targets for mechanical ventilation. This study aimed to address whether transpulmonary pressures (PL), including transpulmonary driving pressure (DPL), elastance-derived plateau PL, and directly-measured end-expiratory PL, are better associated with 60-day outcome than airway driving pressure (DPaw). We also tested the combination of oxygenation and stretch index [PaO2/(FiO2*DPaw)]. Methods: Prospective, observational, multicentre registry of ARDS patients. Respiratory mechanics were measured early after intubation at 6 kg/ml tidal volume. We compared the predictive power of the parameters for mortality at day-60 through receiver operating characteristic (ROC) and assessed their association with 60-day mortality through unadjusted and adjusted Cox regressions. Finally, each parameter was dichotomized, and Kaplan-Meier survival curves were compared. Results: 385 patients were enrolled 2 [1-4] days from intubation (esophageal pressure and arterial blood gases in 302 and 318 patients). As continuous variables, DPaw, DPL, and oxygenation stretch index were associated with 60-day mortality after adjustment for age and Sequential Organ Failure Assessment, whereas elastance-derived plateau PL was not. DPaw and DPL performed equally in ROC analysis (P = 0.0835). DPaw had the best-fit Cox regression model. When dichotomizing the variables, DPaw ≥ 15, DPL ≥ 12, plateau PL ≥ 24, and oxygenation stretch index < 10 exhibited lower 60-day survival probability. Directly measured end-expiratory PL ≥ 0 was associated with better outcome in obese patients. Conclusion: DPL was equivalent predictor of outcome than DPaw. Our study supports the soundness of limiting lung and airway driving pressure and maintaining positive end-expiratory PL in obese patients.

Chen, L., L Grieco, D., Beloncle, F., Chen, G., Tiribelli, N., Madotto, F., Fredes, S., Lu, C., Antonelli, M., Mercat, A., S Slutsky, A., Zhou, J., Brochard, L., Partition of respiratory mechanics in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome and association with outcome: a multicentre clinical study, <<INTENSIVE CARE MEDICINE>>, 2022; (n/a): 888-898. [doi:10.1007/s00134-022-06724-y] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/212648]

Partition of respiratory mechanics in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome and association with outcome: a multicentre clinical study

Massimo Antonelli;
2022

Abstract

Purpose: In acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), physiological parameters associated with outcome may help defining targets for mechanical ventilation. This study aimed to address whether transpulmonary pressures (PL), including transpulmonary driving pressure (DPL), elastance-derived plateau PL, and directly-measured end-expiratory PL, are better associated with 60-day outcome than airway driving pressure (DPaw). We also tested the combination of oxygenation and stretch index [PaO2/(FiO2*DPaw)]. Methods: Prospective, observational, multicentre registry of ARDS patients. Respiratory mechanics were measured early after intubation at 6 kg/ml tidal volume. We compared the predictive power of the parameters for mortality at day-60 through receiver operating characteristic (ROC) and assessed their association with 60-day mortality through unadjusted and adjusted Cox regressions. Finally, each parameter was dichotomized, and Kaplan-Meier survival curves were compared. Results: 385 patients were enrolled 2 [1-4] days from intubation (esophageal pressure and arterial blood gases in 302 and 318 patients). As continuous variables, DPaw, DPL, and oxygenation stretch index were associated with 60-day mortality after adjustment for age and Sequential Organ Failure Assessment, whereas elastance-derived plateau PL was not. DPaw and DPL performed equally in ROC analysis (P = 0.0835). DPaw had the best-fit Cox regression model. When dichotomizing the variables, DPaw ≥ 15, DPL ≥ 12, plateau PL ≥ 24, and oxygenation stretch index < 10 exhibited lower 60-day survival probability. Directly measured end-expiratory PL ≥ 0 was associated with better outcome in obese patients. Conclusion: DPL was equivalent predictor of outcome than DPaw. Our study supports the soundness of limiting lung and airway driving pressure and maintaining positive end-expiratory PL in obese patients.
Inglese
Chen, L., L Grieco, D., Beloncle, F., Chen, G., Tiribelli, N., Madotto, F., Fredes, S., Lu, C., Antonelli, M., Mercat, A., S Slutsky, A., Zhou, J., Brochard, L., Partition of respiratory mechanics in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome and association with outcome: a multicentre clinical study, <>, 2022; (n/a): 888-898. [doi:10.1007/s00134-022-06724-y] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/212648]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10807/212648
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