Introduction: Aim of this study is to dosimetrically characterize a new inorganic scintillator designed for magnetic resonance-guided radiotherapy (MRgRT) in the presence of 0.35 tesla magnetic field (B). Methods: The detector was characterized in terms of signal to noise ratio (SNR), reproducibility, dose linearity, angular response, and dependence by energy, field size, and B orientation using a 6 MV magnetic resonance (MR)-Linac and a water tank. Field size dependence was investigated by measuring the output factor (OF) at 1.5 cm. The results were compared with those measured using other detectors (ion chamber and synthetic diamond) and those calculated using a Monte Carlo (MC) algorithm. Energy dependence was investigated by acquiring a percentage depth dose (PDD) curve at two field sizes (3.32 × 3.32 and 9.96 × 9.96 cm2) and repeating the OF measurements at 5 and 10 cm depths. Results: The mean SNR was 116.3 ± 0.6. Detector repeatability was within 1%, angular dependence was <2% and its response variation based on the orientation with respect to the B lines was <1%. The detector has a temporal resolution of 10 Hz and it showed a linear response (R2 = 1) in the dose range investigated. All the OF values measured at 1.5 cm depth using the scintillator are in accordance within 1% with those measured with other detectors and are calculated using the MC algorithm. PDD values are in accordance with MC algorithm only for 3.32 × 3.32 cm2 field. Numerical models can be applied to compensate for energy dependence in case of larger fields. Conclusion: The inorganic scintillator in the present form can represent a valuable detector for small-field dosimetry and periodic quality controls at MR-Linacs such as dose stability, OFs, and dose linearity. In particular, the detector can be effectively used for small-field dosimetry at 1.5 cm depth and for PDD measurements if the field dimension of 3.32 × 3.32 cm2 is not exceeded.

Cusumano, D., Placidi, L., D'agostino, E., Boldrini, L., Menna, S., Valentini, V., De Spirito, M., Azario, L., Characterization of an inorganic scintillator for small-field dosimetry in MR-guided radiotherapy, <<JOURNAL OF APPLIED CLINICAL MEDICAL PHYSICS>>, 2020; 21 (9): 244-251. [doi:10.1002/acm2.13012] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/207145]

Characterization of an inorganic scintillator for small-field dosimetry in MR-guided radiotherapy

Cusumano D.;Placidi L.;Boldrini L.;Valentini V.;Azario L.
2020

Abstract

Introduction: Aim of this study is to dosimetrically characterize a new inorganic scintillator designed for magnetic resonance-guided radiotherapy (MRgRT) in the presence of 0.35 tesla magnetic field (B). Methods: The detector was characterized in terms of signal to noise ratio (SNR), reproducibility, dose linearity, angular response, and dependence by energy, field size, and B orientation using a 6 MV magnetic resonance (MR)-Linac and a water tank. Field size dependence was investigated by measuring the output factor (OF) at 1.5 cm. The results were compared with those measured using other detectors (ion chamber and synthetic diamond) and those calculated using a Monte Carlo (MC) algorithm. Energy dependence was investigated by acquiring a percentage depth dose (PDD) curve at two field sizes (3.32 × 3.32 and 9.96 × 9.96 cm2) and repeating the OF measurements at 5 and 10 cm depths. Results: The mean SNR was 116.3 ± 0.6. Detector repeatability was within 1%, angular dependence was <2% and its response variation based on the orientation with respect to the B lines was <1%. The detector has a temporal resolution of 10 Hz and it showed a linear response (R2 = 1) in the dose range investigated. All the OF values measured at 1.5 cm depth using the scintillator are in accordance within 1% with those measured with other detectors and are calculated using the MC algorithm. PDD values are in accordance with MC algorithm only for 3.32 × 3.32 cm2 field. Numerical models can be applied to compensate for energy dependence in case of larger fields. Conclusion: The inorganic scintillator in the present form can represent a valuable detector for small-field dosimetry and periodic quality controls at MR-Linacs such as dose stability, OFs, and dose linearity. In particular, the detector can be effectively used for small-field dosimetry at 1.5 cm depth and for PDD measurements if the field dimension of 3.32 × 3.32 cm2 is not exceeded.
Inglese
Cusumano, D., Placidi, L., D'agostino, E., Boldrini, L., Menna, S., Valentini, V., De Spirito, M., Azario, L., Characterization of an inorganic scintillator for small-field dosimetry in MR-guided radiotherapy, <>, 2020; 21 (9): 244-251. [doi:10.1002/acm2.13012] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/207145]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10807/207145
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