Background: Multinucleated Cell Angiohistiocytoma (MCAH) is a rare disease, first described by Smith andWilson Jones in 1985. Since then, less than 100 cases have been reported in the literature. Clinically it is characterized by papules or plaques arising froma specific anatomical area such as lower extremities, dorsumof the hands and face. Some generalized cases have been reported. Main observations: We report a case of 77-year-old woman who presented with multiple itching. reddish to violaceous, flat to domed-shaped plaques on the lower legs with symmetrical and bilateral distribution along the saphena veins. On dermoscopy examination only a red-violaceous homogeneous area was visible. Histology showed remarkable proliferation of dilated small vessels in the upper and mid dermis and bizarre-shaped multinucleate giant cells with scalloped cytoplasm that were intermingled with numerousmononucleated spindle cells.Manymast cells containing the characteristic granules were also detected, often adjacent to the multinucleate cells. Based on the clinico-pathologic findings the diagnosis of MCAH was established. Conclusions: To our knowledge, this is the first documented case of MCAH with a bilateral and linear pattern disposed on the lower limbs, following the saphena veins. In this patient chronic trauma induced by ambulation might have contributed to development of the lesions.

Coco, V., Guerriero, C., Di Stefani, A., Pennacchia, I., Peris, K., Linear and bilateral multinucleated cell angiohistiocytoma (MCAH), <<JOURNAL OF DERMATOLOGICAL CASE REPORTS>>, 2016; 10 (4): 58-61. [doi:10.3315/jdcr.2016.1237] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/206065]

Linear and bilateral multinucleated cell angiohistiocytoma (MCAH)

Coco, Valeria;Guerriero, Cristina;di Stefani, Alessandro;Pennacchia, Ilaria;Peris, Ketty
2016

Abstract

Background: Multinucleated Cell Angiohistiocytoma (MCAH) is a rare disease, first described by Smith andWilson Jones in 1985. Since then, less than 100 cases have been reported in the literature. Clinically it is characterized by papules or plaques arising froma specific anatomical area such as lower extremities, dorsumof the hands and face. Some generalized cases have been reported. Main observations: We report a case of 77-year-old woman who presented with multiple itching. reddish to violaceous, flat to domed-shaped plaques on the lower legs with symmetrical and bilateral distribution along the saphena veins. On dermoscopy examination only a red-violaceous homogeneous area was visible. Histology showed remarkable proliferation of dilated small vessels in the upper and mid dermis and bizarre-shaped multinucleate giant cells with scalloped cytoplasm that were intermingled with numerousmononucleated spindle cells.Manymast cells containing the characteristic granules were also detected, often adjacent to the multinucleate cells. Based on the clinico-pathologic findings the diagnosis of MCAH was established. Conclusions: To our knowledge, this is the first documented case of MCAH with a bilateral and linear pattern disposed on the lower limbs, following the saphena veins. In this patient chronic trauma induced by ambulation might have contributed to development of the lesions.
Inglese
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5392244/pdf/jdcr-10-058.pdf
Coco, V., Guerriero, C., Di Stefani, A., Pennacchia, I., Peris, K., Linear and bilateral multinucleated cell angiohistiocytoma (MCAH), <>, 2016; 10 (4): 58-61. [doi:10.3315/jdcr.2016.1237] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/206065]
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10807/206065
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 1
  • Scopus 4
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 3
social impact