Background and Objectives: Preterm infants are at higher risk of neurodevelopmental impairment both at preschool and school ages, even in the absence of major neurological deficits. The early identification of children at risk is essential for early intervention with rehabilitation to optimize potential outcomes during school years. The aim of our study is to assess cognitive outcomes at preschool age in a cohort of low-risk very preterm infants, previously studied at 12 and 24 months using the Griffiths scales. Materials and Methods: Sixty-six low-risk very preterm infants born at a gestational age of <32 weeks were assessed at 12 and 24 months corrected age using the Griffiths Mental Development Scales (second edition) and at preschool age with the Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scales of Intelligence (third edition) (WPPSI-III). Results: At 12 and 24 months and at preschool age, low-risk very preterm infants showed scores within normal ranges with similar scores in males and females. A statistically significant correlation was observed in the general developmental quotient between 12 and 24 months; a further significant correlation was observed between the early cognitive assessments and those performed at preschool age, with a better correlation using the assessments at 24 months. Conclusion: The present study showed a favourable trajectory of cognitive development in low-risk very preterm infants, from 12 months to preschool age.

Romeo, D. M., Ricci, M., Mirra, F., Venezia, I., Mallardi, M., Pede, E., Mercuri, E. M., Longitudinal Cognitive Assessment in Low-Risk Very Preterm Infants, <<MEDICINA>>, 2021; 58 (1): 133-136. [doi:10.3390/medicina58010133] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/204170]

Longitudinal Cognitive Assessment in Low-Risk Very Preterm Infants

Romeo, Domenico Marco;Ricci, Martina;Mirra, Federica;Venezia, Ilaria;Mallardi, Maria;Pede, Elisa;Mercuri, Eugenio Maria
2022

Abstract

Background and Objectives: Preterm infants are at higher risk of neurodevelopmental impairment both at preschool and school ages, even in the absence of major neurological deficits. The early identification of children at risk is essential for early intervention with rehabilitation to optimize potential outcomes during school years. The aim of our study is to assess cognitive outcomes at preschool age in a cohort of low-risk very preterm infants, previously studied at 12 and 24 months using the Griffiths scales. Materials and Methods: Sixty-six low-risk very preterm infants born at a gestational age of <32 weeks were assessed at 12 and 24 months corrected age using the Griffiths Mental Development Scales (second edition) and at preschool age with the Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scales of Intelligence (third edition) (WPPSI-III). Results: At 12 and 24 months and at preschool age, low-risk very preterm infants showed scores within normal ranges with similar scores in males and females. A statistically significant correlation was observed in the general developmental quotient between 12 and 24 months; a further significant correlation was observed between the early cognitive assessments and those performed at preschool age, with a better correlation using the assessments at 24 months. Conclusion: The present study showed a favourable trajectory of cognitive development in low-risk very preterm infants, from 12 months to preschool age.
2022
Inglese
Romeo, D. M., Ricci, M., Mirra, F., Venezia, I., Mallardi, M., Pede, E., Mercuri, E. M., Longitudinal Cognitive Assessment in Low-Risk Very Preterm Infants, <<MEDICINA>>, 2021; 58 (1): 133-136. [doi:10.3390/medicina58010133] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/204170]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/204170
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