The optimal myeloablative conditioning (MAC) for patients undergoing haploidentical hematopoietic cell transplantation (haplo-HCT) is unknown. We studied the outcomes of total body irradiation (TBI)-based versus chemotherapy (CT)-based MAC regimens in patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). The study included 427 patients who underwent first haplo-HCT with post-transplantation cyclophosphamide (PTCy), following TBI-based (n = 188; 44%) or CT-based (n = 239; 56%) MAC. The median patient age was 32 years. Fludarabine-TBI (72%) and thiotepa-busulfan-fludarabine (65%) were the most frequently used TBI- and CT-based regimens, respectively. In the TBI and CT cohorts, 2-year leukemia-free survival (LFS) was 45% versus 37% (P = .05), overall survival (OS) was 51% versus 47% (P = .18), relapse incidence (RI) was 34% versus 32% (P = .44), and nonrelapse mortality (NRM) was 21% versus 31% (P < .01). In the multivariate analysis, TBI was associated with lower NRM (hazard ratio [HR], 0.53; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.33 to 0.86; P = .01), better LFS (HR, 0.71; 95% CI, 0.52 to 0.98; P =.04), and increased risk for grade II-IV acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) (HR, 1.59; 95% CI, 1.08 to 2.34; P = .02) compared with CT-based MAC. The type of conditioning regimen did not impact RI, chronic GVHD, OS, or GVHD-free, relapse-free survival after adjusting for transplantation-related variables. TBI-based MAC was associated with lower NRM and better LFS compared with CT-based MAC in patients with ALL after haplo-HCT/PTCy. Keywords: Acute lymphoblastic leukemia; Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation; Antineoplastic combined chemotherapy protocols; Conditioning; Disease relapse; Graft-versus-host disease; Haploidentical; Lymphoma; Myeloablative; Total body irradiation; Toxicity.

Sica, S., Impreved outcomes of haploidentical cell transplantation with totale body irradiation based myeloablative conditioning in acute lymphoblastic leukemia, <<CELL TRANSPLANTATION>>, 2021; (27): 171-172 [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/203288]

Impreved outcomes of haploidentical cell transplantation with totale body irradiation based myeloablative conditioning in acute lymphoblastic leukemia

Sica, Simona
Secondo
Membro del Collaboration Group
2021

Abstract

The optimal myeloablative conditioning (MAC) for patients undergoing haploidentical hematopoietic cell transplantation (haplo-HCT) is unknown. We studied the outcomes of total body irradiation (TBI)-based versus chemotherapy (CT)-based MAC regimens in patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). The study included 427 patients who underwent first haplo-HCT with post-transplantation cyclophosphamide (PTCy), following TBI-based (n = 188; 44%) or CT-based (n = 239; 56%) MAC. The median patient age was 32 years. Fludarabine-TBI (72%) and thiotepa-busulfan-fludarabine (65%) were the most frequently used TBI- and CT-based regimens, respectively. In the TBI and CT cohorts, 2-year leukemia-free survival (LFS) was 45% versus 37% (P = .05), overall survival (OS) was 51% versus 47% (P = .18), relapse incidence (RI) was 34% versus 32% (P = .44), and nonrelapse mortality (NRM) was 21% versus 31% (P < .01). In the multivariate analysis, TBI was associated with lower NRM (hazard ratio [HR], 0.53; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.33 to 0.86; P = .01), better LFS (HR, 0.71; 95% CI, 0.52 to 0.98; P =.04), and increased risk for grade II-IV acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) (HR, 1.59; 95% CI, 1.08 to 2.34; P = .02) compared with CT-based MAC. The type of conditioning regimen did not impact RI, chronic GVHD, OS, or GVHD-free, relapse-free survival after adjusting for transplantation-related variables. TBI-based MAC was associated with lower NRM and better LFS compared with CT-based MAC in patients with ALL after haplo-HCT/PTCy. Keywords: Acute lymphoblastic leukemia; Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation; Antineoplastic combined chemotherapy protocols; Conditioning; Disease relapse; Graft-versus-host disease; Haploidentical; Lymphoma; Myeloablative; Total body irradiation; Toxicity.
Inglese
Sica, S., Impreved outcomes of haploidentical cell transplantation with totale body irradiation based myeloablative conditioning in acute lymphoblastic leukemia, <<CELL TRANSPLANTATION>>, 2021; (27): 171-172 [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/203288]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/203288
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