Mutational analysis contributes to the diagnosis and prognosis of thyroid nodules analyzed with fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC). Although several advanced molecular tests based on multiple molecular markers are available for clinical use and have increased their impact on clinical management of patients, they are not widely available. Among them is BRAF V600E, one of the most studied mutations. Other genetic alterations, such as TERT promoter mutations, may coexist in thyroid carcinomas. Previous studies have demonstrated that this duet might be involved in the aggressiveness of thyroid cancer, although its prognostic value related to mortality remains undefined. The detection of such genetic alterations in thyroid liquid-based cytology (LBC) thus may assist with patient management. METHODS: From January 2013 to June 2014, 356 thyroid FNAC samples were processed by LBC, including 174 surgical follow-up samples. BRAF V600E and TERT mutation analyses were performed on both LBC and histopathology. RESULTS: The study included 119 samples categorized as atypia of undetermined significance, 42 categorized as follicular neoplasms, 61 categorized as suspicious for malignancy, and 34 categorized as positive for malignancy. BRAF V600E mutation was detected in 10.4% of all cases, whereas TERT promoter mutations were identified in 1.1%. TERT-mutated cases belonged to the positive for malignancy category, with a histologic diagnosis of tall cell variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma. These genetic alterations correlated with lymph node metastases (P = .0349) and higher disease stage. CONCLUSIONS: BRAF V600E and TERT analysis can be performed on LBC. TERT mutations are rarely identified in well differentiated thyroid carcinoma but are associated with higher stage. Although a larger molecular panel may offer more information, analyzing these few point mutations is still likely to be useful for managing potentially more aggressive thyroid carcinomas. C

Dell'aquila, M., Fiorentino, V., Martini, M., Capodimonti, S., Cenci, T., Lombardi, C., Raffaelli, M., Pontecorvi, A., Fadda, G., Pantanowitz, L., Larocca, L., Rossi, E., how limited molecular testing can also offer diagnostic and prognostic evaluation of thyroid nodules processed with liquid based cytology. Role of TERT promoter and BRAF V600E mutation analysis, <<CANCER CYTOPATHOLOGY>>, 2021; (ottobre): 819-829 [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/201541]

how limited molecular testing can also offer diagnostic and prognostic evaluation of thyroid nodules processed with liquid based cytology. Role of TERT promoter and BRAF V600E mutation analysis

Dell'aquila M;Martini M;Capodimonti S;Cenci T;Lombardi CP;Raffaelli M;Pontecorvi A;Fadda G;Larocca LM;Rossi E.
2021

Abstract

Mutational analysis contributes to the diagnosis and prognosis of thyroid nodules analyzed with fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC). Although several advanced molecular tests based on multiple molecular markers are available for clinical use and have increased their impact on clinical management of patients, they are not widely available. Among them is BRAF V600E, one of the most studied mutations. Other genetic alterations, such as TERT promoter mutations, may coexist in thyroid carcinomas. Previous studies have demonstrated that this duet might be involved in the aggressiveness of thyroid cancer, although its prognostic value related to mortality remains undefined. The detection of such genetic alterations in thyroid liquid-based cytology (LBC) thus may assist with patient management. METHODS: From January 2013 to June 2014, 356 thyroid FNAC samples were processed by LBC, including 174 surgical follow-up samples. BRAF V600E and TERT mutation analyses were performed on both LBC and histopathology. RESULTS: The study included 119 samples categorized as atypia of undetermined significance, 42 categorized as follicular neoplasms, 61 categorized as suspicious for malignancy, and 34 categorized as positive for malignancy. BRAF V600E mutation was detected in 10.4% of all cases, whereas TERT promoter mutations were identified in 1.1%. TERT-mutated cases belonged to the positive for malignancy category, with a histologic diagnosis of tall cell variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma. These genetic alterations correlated with lymph node metastases (P = .0349) and higher disease stage. CONCLUSIONS: BRAF V600E and TERT analysis can be performed on LBC. TERT mutations are rarely identified in well differentiated thyroid carcinoma but are associated with higher stage. Although a larger molecular panel may offer more information, analyzing these few point mutations is still likely to be useful for managing potentially more aggressive thyroid carcinomas. C
eng
Dell'aquila, M., Fiorentino, V., Martini, M., Capodimonti, S., Cenci, T., Lombardi, C., Raffaelli, M., Pontecorvi, A., Fadda, G., Pantanowitz, L., Larocca, L., Rossi, E., how limited molecular testing can also offer diagnostic and prognostic evaluation of thyroid nodules processed with liquid based cytology. Role of TERT promoter and BRAF V600E mutation analysis, <>, 2021; (ottobre): 819-829 [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/201541]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10807/201541
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