Objective The study aims to meta-analytically review studies about the effects of mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) on well-being of people with multiple sclerosis (MS). Methods Seven electronic databases were searched from June 2018 to September 2018. A systematic review and a meta-analysis were conducted. Results Twenty-one studies were included in qualitative synthesis, and 10 studies were included in meta-analysis. MBIs are effective with an overall moderate effect size (Hedges' g = 0.70) in improving well-being in people with MS, with lasting effects at the follow-up (g = 0.55). In particular, MBIs demonstrated to highly reduce stress (g = 1.07) and to improve depression and anxiety symptoms with a moderate to large effect at postintervention (g = 0.77 and g = 0.63, respectively). Conclusions MBIs represent a valid and effective mind-body intervention to improve the well-being of patients with MS. Further studies should investigate which components of MBIs could be more beneficial for patients with progressive MS. PROSPERO registration CRD42018099704.

Carletto, S., Cavalera, C., Sadowski, I., Rovaris, M., Borghi, M., Khoury, B., Ostacoli, L., Pagnini, F., Mindfulness-Based Interventions for the Improvement of Well-Being in People with Multiple Sclerosis: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis, <<PSYCHOSOMATIC MEDICINE>>, 2020; 82 (6): 600-613. [doi:10.1097/PSY.0000000000000819] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/201421]

Mindfulness-Based Interventions for the Improvement of Well-Being in People with Multiple Sclerosis: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Cavalera, C.;Borghi, M.;Pagnini, F.
2020

Abstract

Objective The study aims to meta-analytically review studies about the effects of mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) on well-being of people with multiple sclerosis (MS). Methods Seven electronic databases were searched from June 2018 to September 2018. A systematic review and a meta-analysis were conducted. Results Twenty-one studies were included in qualitative synthesis, and 10 studies were included in meta-analysis. MBIs are effective with an overall moderate effect size (Hedges' g = 0.70) in improving well-being in people with MS, with lasting effects at the follow-up (g = 0.55). In particular, MBIs demonstrated to highly reduce stress (g = 1.07) and to improve depression and anxiety symptoms with a moderate to large effect at postintervention (g = 0.77 and g = 0.63, respectively). Conclusions MBIs represent a valid and effective mind-body intervention to improve the well-being of patients with MS. Further studies should investigate which components of MBIs could be more beneficial for patients with progressive MS. PROSPERO registration CRD42018099704.
Inglese
Carletto, S., Cavalera, C., Sadowski, I., Rovaris, M., Borghi, M., Khoury, B., Ostacoli, L., Pagnini, F., Mindfulness-Based Interventions for the Improvement of Well-Being in People with Multiple Sclerosis: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis, <<PSYCHOSOMATIC MEDICINE>>, 2020; 82 (6): 600-613. [doi:10.1097/PSY.0000000000000819] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/201421]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/201421
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