Aim: The first prototype of the “Multidisciplinary Tumor Board Smart Virtual Assistant” is presented, aimed to (i) Automated classification of clinical stage starting from different free-text diagnostic reports; (ii) Resolution of inconsistencies by identifying controversial cases drawing the clinician’s attention to particular cases worthy for multi-disciplinary discussion; (iii) Support environment for education and knowledge transfer to junior staff; (iv) Integrated data-driven decision making and standardized language and interpretation. Patients and Method: Data from patients affected by Locally Advanced Cervical Cancer (LACC), FIGO stage IB2-IVa, treated between 2015 and 2018 were extracted. Magnetic Resonance (MR), Gynecologic examination under general anesthesia (EAU), and Positron Emission Tomography–Computed Tomography (PET-CT) performed at the time of diagnosis were the items from the Electronic Health Records (eHRs) considered for analysis. An automated extraction of eHR that capture the patient’s data before the diagnosis and then, through Natural Language Processing (NLP), analysis and categorization of all data to transform source information into structured data has been performed. Results: In the first round, the system has been used to retrieve all the eHR for the 96 patients with LACC. The system has been able to classify all patients belonging to the training set and - through the NLP procedures - the clinical features were analyzed and classified for each patient. A second important result was the setup of a predictive model to evaluate the patient’s staging (accuracy of 94%). Lastly, we created a user-oriented operational tool targeting the MTB who are confronted with the challenge of large volumes of patients to be diagnosed in the most accurate way. Conclusion: This is the first proof of concept concerning the possibility of creating a smart virtual assistant for the MTB. A significant benefit could come from the integration of these automated methods in the collaborative, crucial decision stages.

Macchia, G., Ferrandina, M. G., Patarnello, S., Autorino, R., Masciocchi, C., Pisapia, V., Calvani, C., Iacomini, C., Cesario, A., Boldrini, L., Gui, B., Rufini, V., Gambacorta, M. A., Scambia, G., Valentini, V., Multidisciplinary Tumor Board Smart Virtual Assistant in Locally Advanced Cervical Cancer: A Proof of Concept, <<FRONTIERS IN ONCOLOGY>>, 2022; 11 (N/A): 797454-N/A. [doi:10.3389/fonc.2021.797454] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/198514]

Multidisciplinary Tumor Board Smart Virtual Assistant in Locally Advanced Cervical Cancer: A Proof of Concept

Macchia, Gabriella;Ferrandina, Maria Gabriella;Autorino, Rosa;Masciocchi, Carlotta;Cesario, Alfredo;Boldrini, Luca;Gui, Benedetta;Rufini, Vittoria;Gambacorta, Maria Antonietta;Scambia, Giovanni;Valentini, Vincenzo
2022

Abstract

Aim: The first prototype of the “Multidisciplinary Tumor Board Smart Virtual Assistant” is presented, aimed to (i) Automated classification of clinical stage starting from different free-text diagnostic reports; (ii) Resolution of inconsistencies by identifying controversial cases drawing the clinician’s attention to particular cases worthy for multi-disciplinary discussion; (iii) Support environment for education and knowledge transfer to junior staff; (iv) Integrated data-driven decision making and standardized language and interpretation. Patients and Method: Data from patients affected by Locally Advanced Cervical Cancer (LACC), FIGO stage IB2-IVa, treated between 2015 and 2018 were extracted. Magnetic Resonance (MR), Gynecologic examination under general anesthesia (EAU), and Positron Emission Tomography–Computed Tomography (PET-CT) performed at the time of diagnosis were the items from the Electronic Health Records (eHRs) considered for analysis. An automated extraction of eHR that capture the patient’s data before the diagnosis and then, through Natural Language Processing (NLP), analysis and categorization of all data to transform source information into structured data has been performed. Results: In the first round, the system has been used to retrieve all the eHR for the 96 patients with LACC. The system has been able to classify all patients belonging to the training set and - through the NLP procedures - the clinical features were analyzed and classified for each patient. A second important result was the setup of a predictive model to evaluate the patient’s staging (accuracy of 94%). Lastly, we created a user-oriented operational tool targeting the MTB who are confronted with the challenge of large volumes of patients to be diagnosed in the most accurate way. Conclusion: This is the first proof of concept concerning the possibility of creating a smart virtual assistant for the MTB. A significant benefit could come from the integration of these automated methods in the collaborative, crucial decision stages.
2022
Inglese
Macchia, G., Ferrandina, M. G., Patarnello, S., Autorino, R., Masciocchi, C., Pisapia, V., Calvani, C., Iacomini, C., Cesario, A., Boldrini, L., Gui, B., Rufini, V., Gambacorta, M. A., Scambia, G., Valentini, V., Multidisciplinary Tumor Board Smart Virtual Assistant in Locally Advanced Cervical Cancer: A Proof of Concept, <<FRONTIERS IN ONCOLOGY>>, 2022; 11 (N/A): 797454-N/A. [doi:10.3389/fonc.2021.797454] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/198514]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/198514
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