No-till (NT) and cover crops (CCs) have been repeatedly recommended for building-up resilience of agro-ecosystems, enhancing soil biodiversity, and steering efficient nutrients cycling and yield. Yet, the overall impact of CCs on soil properties and dynamics during transition may highly change depending on CC species and interactions with field condition. In the present 3-yr field study, we (i) examined how selected CCs (i.e. rye [Secale cereale L.]; phacelia [Phacelia tanacetifolia Benth.] + white mustard [Sinapis alba L.]; Italian ryegrass [Lolium multiflorum Lam.] + crimson clover [Trifolium incarnatum L.] + Persian clover [Trifolium resupinatum L.]; hairy vetch [Vicia villosa Roth] + crimson clover) affect yield performance in a crop sequence of maize (Zea mays L.), soybean (Glycine max L. Merr.), and maize under NT, and (ii) assessed the effects of CCs on inputs to the soil (i.e. biomass, carbon [C], and nitrogen [N]), soil organic C (SOC) and pools, as well as microarthropods and earthworms abundance and diversity. Grain yield during the initial 2-yr period was on average reduced with CCs by 1–23% in maize, and 1–33% in soybean. This effect was less evident with CC residues having low C:N ratio ([removed]3-yr term. We concluded that CC mixtures that allow the best compromise between the high amount of residue and the low residue C:N ratio should be preferred for: (i) reducing possible detrimental effects on grain yield of maize and soybean, and (ii) enhancing soil C cycling and biodiversity. Therefore, selecting appropriate CC species in mixtures represents the main challenge at the field level for pursuing both objectives in the shortest timeframe. Within all options in summer crop sequences, here we reported that mixtures including leguminous cover crops might be primarily considered.

Fiorini, A., Remelli, S., Boselli, R., Mantovi, P., Ardenti, F., Trevisan, M., Menta, C., Tabaglio, V., Driving crop yield, soil organic C pools, and soil biodiversity with selected winter cover crops under no-till, <<SOIL & TILLAGE RESEARCH>>, 2022; (Volume 217): N/A-N/A. [doi:10.1016/j.still.2021.105283] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/198221]

Driving crop yield, soil organic C pools, and soil biodiversity with selected winter cover crops under no-till

Fiorini, Andrea
Primo
;
Boselli, Roberta;Ardenti, Federico;Trevisan, Marco;Tabaglio, Vincenzo
2022

Abstract

No-till (NT) and cover crops (CCs) have been repeatedly recommended for building-up resilience of agro-ecosystems, enhancing soil biodiversity, and steering efficient nutrients cycling and yield. Yet, the overall impact of CCs on soil properties and dynamics during transition may highly change depending on CC species and interactions with field condition. In the present 3-yr field study, we (i) examined how selected CCs (i.e. rye [Secale cereale L.]; phacelia [Phacelia tanacetifolia Benth.] + white mustard [Sinapis alba L.]; Italian ryegrass [Lolium multiflorum Lam.] + crimson clover [Trifolium incarnatum L.] + Persian clover [Trifolium resupinatum L.]; hairy vetch [Vicia villosa Roth] + crimson clover) affect yield performance in a crop sequence of maize (Zea mays L.), soybean (Glycine max L. Merr.), and maize under NT, and (ii) assessed the effects of CCs on inputs to the soil (i.e. biomass, carbon [C], and nitrogen [N]), soil organic C (SOC) and pools, as well as microarthropods and earthworms abundance and diversity. Grain yield during the initial 2-yr period was on average reduced with CCs by 1–23% in maize, and 1–33% in soybean. This effect was less evident with CC residues having low C:N ratio ([removed]3-yr term. We concluded that CC mixtures that allow the best compromise between the high amount of residue and the low residue C:N ratio should be preferred for: (i) reducing possible detrimental effects on grain yield of maize and soybean, and (ii) enhancing soil C cycling and biodiversity. Therefore, selecting appropriate CC species in mixtures represents the main challenge at the field level for pursuing both objectives in the shortest timeframe. Within all options in summer crop sequences, here we reported that mixtures including leguminous cover crops might be primarily considered.
Inglese
Fiorini, A., Remelli, S., Boselli, R., Mantovi, P., Ardenti, F., Trevisan, M., Menta, C., Tabaglio, V., Driving crop yield, soil organic C pools, and soil biodiversity with selected winter cover crops under no-till, <<SOIL & TILLAGE RESEARCH>>, 2022; (Volume 217): N/A-N/A. [doi:10.1016/j.still.2021.105283] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/198221]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10807/198221
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