OBJECTIVE: Lemna minor is a plant with a huge repertoire of secondary metabolites. The literature indicates that extracts of Lemna minor have antioxidant, antiradical, immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory properties. The objective of the present study was to find a suitable technique to extract active compounds from this plant and verify whether these extracts have immunomodulatory activity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We grew L. minor on a standard medium with Gamborg B5 and vitamins. We extracted compounds from the plant by maceration and decoction. The phytochemical profile of the extracts was characterized by chromatography, spectrophotometry, and spectroscopy. The extracts were tested on cultures of mononuclear cells from four human subjects. These cells were pulsed with carboxyfluorescein succinimidyl ester, grown in triplicate in standard culture medium without (control) and with increasing concentrations of Lemna extracts. Flow cytometry was used to evaluate cell death and proliferation of the total mononuclear cell population and of CD4+, CD8+, B cell and monocyte populations. RESULTS: The Lemna extracts were not cytotoxic and did not cause cell necrosis or apoptosis in immune cells. At low concentrations, they induced very limited proliferation of CD4+ cells within 48 hours. At high concentrations, they induced proliferation of CD8+ cells and B lymphocytes within 48 hours. CONCLUSIONS: Unfortunately, we failed to confirm any immunomodulatory activity of Lemna extracts. Growth and death rates of human immune cells were not significantly affected by adding Lemna extracts to the culture medium.

Catelani Cardoso, C., Miraldi, E., Ceccarini, M. R., Naureen, Z., Baini, G., Manara, E., Anpilogov, K., Camilleri, G., Dhuli, K., Paolacci, S., Ria, F., Di Sante, G., Camponeschi, C., Tredicine, M., Zanlari, A., Chiurazzi, P., Beccari, T., Bertelli, M., Study of the effects of Lemna minor extracts on human immune cell populations, <<EUROPEAN REVIEW FOR MEDICAL AND PHARMACOLOGICAL SCIENCES>>, 2021; 25 (1): 43-48. [doi:10.26355/eurrev_202112_27332] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/197143]

Study of the effects of Lemna minor extracts on human immune cell populations

Ria F.;Di Sante G.;Tredicine M.;Chiurazzi P.;
2021

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Lemna minor is a plant with a huge repertoire of secondary metabolites. The literature indicates that extracts of Lemna minor have antioxidant, antiradical, immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory properties. The objective of the present study was to find a suitable technique to extract active compounds from this plant and verify whether these extracts have immunomodulatory activity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We grew L. minor on a standard medium with Gamborg B5 and vitamins. We extracted compounds from the plant by maceration and decoction. The phytochemical profile of the extracts was characterized by chromatography, spectrophotometry, and spectroscopy. The extracts were tested on cultures of mononuclear cells from four human subjects. These cells were pulsed with carboxyfluorescein succinimidyl ester, grown in triplicate in standard culture medium without (control) and with increasing concentrations of Lemna extracts. Flow cytometry was used to evaluate cell death and proliferation of the total mononuclear cell population and of CD4+, CD8+, B cell and monocyte populations. RESULTS: The Lemna extracts were not cytotoxic and did not cause cell necrosis or apoptosis in immune cells. At low concentrations, they induced very limited proliferation of CD4+ cells within 48 hours. At high concentrations, they induced proliferation of CD8+ cells and B lymphocytes within 48 hours. CONCLUSIONS: Unfortunately, we failed to confirm any immunomodulatory activity of Lemna extracts. Growth and death rates of human immune cells were not significantly affected by adding Lemna extracts to the culture medium.
eng
Catelani Cardoso, C., Miraldi, E., Ceccarini, M. R., Naureen, Z., Baini, G., Manara, E., Anpilogov, K., Camilleri, G., Dhuli, K., Paolacci, S., Ria, F., Di Sante, G., Camponeschi, C., Tredicine, M., Zanlari, A., Chiurazzi, P., Beccari, T., Bertelli, M., Study of the effects of Lemna minor extracts on human immune cell populations, <>, 2021; 25 (1): 43-48. [doi:10.26355/eurrev_202112_27332] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/197143]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10807/197143
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