In the pathogenesis of autoimmune disorders, the modulation of leukocytes′ trafficking plays a central role, still poorly understood. Here, we focused on the effect of TLR2 ligands in trafficking of T helper cells through reshuffling of CD44 isoforms repertoire. Concurrently, strain background and TLR2 haplotype affected Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway and expression of splicing factors. During EAE, mCD44v9-v10 was specifically enriched in the forebrain and showed an increased ability to bind stably to osteopontin. Similarly, we observed that hCD44v7 was highly enriched in cells of cerebrospinal fluid from MS patients with active lesions. Moreover, TLRs engagement modulated the composition of CD44 variants also in human T helper cells, supporting the hypothesis that pathogens or commensals, through TLRs, in turn modulate the repertoire of CD44 isoforms, thereby controlling the distribution of lesions in the CNS. The interference with this mechanism(s) represents a potential tool for prevention and treatment of autoimmune relapses and exacerbations.

Tredicine, M., Camponeschi, C., Pirolli, D., Lucchini, M., Valentini, M., Geloso, M. C., Mirabella, M., Fidaleo, M., Righino, B., Moliterni, C., Giorda, E., Rende, M., De Rosa, M. C., Foti, M., Constantin, G., Ria, F., Di Sante, G., A TLR/CD44 axis regulates T cell trafficking in experimental and human multiple sclerosis, <<ISCIENCE>>, 2022; 25 (2): 103763-N/A. [doi:10.1016/j.isci.2022.103763] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/197141]

A TLR/CD44 axis regulates T cell trafficking in experimental and human multiple sclerosis

Tredicine, M.
Primo
;
Pirolli, D.;Lucchini, M.;Valentini, M.;Geloso, M. C.;Mirabella, M.;Fidaleo, M.;Righino, B.;De Rosa, M. C.;Ria, F.
;
Di Sante, G.
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

In the pathogenesis of autoimmune disorders, the modulation of leukocytes′ trafficking plays a central role, still poorly understood. Here, we focused on the effect of TLR2 ligands in trafficking of T helper cells through reshuffling of CD44 isoforms repertoire. Concurrently, strain background and TLR2 haplotype affected Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway and expression of splicing factors. During EAE, mCD44v9-v10 was specifically enriched in the forebrain and showed an increased ability to bind stably to osteopontin. Similarly, we observed that hCD44v7 was highly enriched in cells of cerebrospinal fluid from MS patients with active lesions. Moreover, TLRs engagement modulated the composition of CD44 variants also in human T helper cells, supporting the hypothesis that pathogens or commensals, through TLRs, in turn modulate the repertoire of CD44 isoforms, thereby controlling the distribution of lesions in the CNS. The interference with this mechanism(s) represents a potential tool for prevention and treatment of autoimmune relapses and exacerbations.
Inglese
Tredicine, M., Camponeschi, C., Pirolli, D., Lucchini, M., Valentini, M., Geloso, M. C., Mirabella, M., Fidaleo, M., Righino, B., Moliterni, C., Giorda, E., Rende, M., De Rosa, M. C., Foti, M., Constantin, G., Ria, F., Di Sante, G., A TLR/CD44 axis regulates T cell trafficking in experimental and human multiple sclerosis, <<ISCIENCE>>, 2022; 25 (2): 103763-N/A. [doi:10.1016/j.isci.2022.103763] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/197141]
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