KDM5 enzymes are H3K4 specific histone demethylases involved in transcriptional regulation and DNA repair. These proteins are overexpressed in different kinds of cancer, including breast, prostate and bladder carcinomas, with positive effects on cancer proliferation and chemoresistance. For these reasons, these enzymes are potential therapeutic targets. In the present study, we analyzed the effects of three different inhibitors of KDM5 enzymes in MCF-7 breast cancer cells over-expressing one of them, namely KDM5B/JARID1B. In particular, compounds RS3195, RS3152, RS3183, R^5033 and RS4995 were assayed in terms of H3K4 demethylation (western blot), radio-sensitivity (cytoxicity and clonogenic assays) and damage accumulation (COMET assay and kinetics of H2AX phosphorylation) (Figure 1). We showed that three compounds can selectively inhibit KDM5 enzymes and are capable of increasing sensitivity of breast cancer cells to ionizing radiation and radiation-induced damage. These findings confirmed the involvement of H3K4 specific demethylases in the response to DNA damage, showed a requirement of the catalytic function and suggested new strategies for the therapeutic use of their inhibitors.

La Regina, G., Naccarato, V., Masci, D., Puxeddu, M., Nalli, M., Coluccia, A., Negri, R., Silvestri, R., Small molecule inhibitors of kdm5 histone demethylases increase the radiosensitivity of breast cancer cells overexpressing JARID1B, Poster, in Abstract Book, (Milano, 16-19 July 2019), XXVI National Meeting in Medicinal Chemistry - XII Young Medicinal Chemists’ Symposium, Milano 2019: 177-177. 10.3390/molecules24091739 [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/195421]

Small molecule inhibitors of kdm5 histone demethylases increase the radiosensitivity of breast cancer cells overexpressing JARID1B

La Regina, Giuseppe
Primo
;
Masci, Domiziana;
2019

Abstract

KDM5 enzymes are H3K4 specific histone demethylases involved in transcriptional regulation and DNA repair. These proteins are overexpressed in different kinds of cancer, including breast, prostate and bladder carcinomas, with positive effects on cancer proliferation and chemoresistance. For these reasons, these enzymes are potential therapeutic targets. In the present study, we analyzed the effects of three different inhibitors of KDM5 enzymes in MCF-7 breast cancer cells over-expressing one of them, namely KDM5B/JARID1B. In particular, compounds RS3195, RS3152, RS3183, R^5033 and RS4995 were assayed in terms of H3K4 demethylation (western blot), radio-sensitivity (cytoxicity and clonogenic assays) and damage accumulation (COMET assay and kinetics of H2AX phosphorylation) (Figure 1). We showed that three compounds can selectively inhibit KDM5 enzymes and are capable of increasing sensitivity of breast cancer cells to ionizing radiation and radiation-induced damage. These findings confirmed the involvement of H3K4 specific demethylases in the response to DNA damage, showed a requirement of the catalytic function and suggested new strategies for the therapeutic use of their inhibitors.
2019
Inglese
Abstract Book
XXVI National Meeting in Medicinal Chemistry - XII Young Medicinal Chemists’ Symposium
Milano
Poster
16-lug-2019
19-lug-2019
XXVI National Meeting in Medicinal Chemistry - XII Young Medicinal Chemists’ Symposium
La Regina, G., Naccarato, V., Masci, D., Puxeddu, M., Nalli, M., Coluccia, A., Negri, R., Silvestri, R., Small molecule inhibitors of kdm5 histone demethylases increase the radiosensitivity of breast cancer cells overexpressing JARID1B, Poster, in Abstract Book, (Milano, 16-19 July 2019), XXVI National Meeting in Medicinal Chemistry - XII Young Medicinal Chemists’ Symposium, Milano 2019: 177-177. 10.3390/molecules24091739 [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/195421]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/195421
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