Dengue virus (DENV) is the leading mosquito-transmitted viral infection in the world. With more than 390 million new infections annually, and up to 1 million clinical cases with severe disease manifestations, there continues to be a need to develop new antiviral agents against dengue infection. In addition, there is no approved anti-DENV agents for treating DENV-infected patients. In the present study, we identified new compounds with anti-DENV replication activity by targeting viral replication enzymes–NS5, RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) and NS3 protease, using cell-based reporter assay. Subsequently, we performed an enzyme-based assay to clarify the action of these compounds against DENV RdRp or NS3 protease activity. Moreover, these compounds exhibited anti-DENV activity in vivo in the ICR-suckling DENV-infected mouse model. Combination drug treatment exhibited a synergistic inhibition of DENV replication. These results describe novel prototypical small anti-DENV molecules for further development through compound modification and provide potential antivirals for treating DENV infection and DENV-related diseases.

Pelliccia, S., Wu, Y. -., Coluccia, A., La Regina, G., Tseng, C. -., Famiglini, V., Masci, D., Hiscott, J., Lee, J. -., Silvestri, R., Inhibition of dengue virus replication by novel inhibitors of RNA-dependent RNA polymerase and protease activities, <<JOURNAL OF ENZYME INHIBITION AND MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY>>, 2017; 32 (1): 1091-1101. [doi:10.1080/14756366.2017.1355791] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/195405]

Inhibition of dengue virus replication by novel inhibitors of RNA-dependent RNA polymerase and protease activities

La Regina, Giuseppe;Masci, Domiziana;
2017

Abstract

Dengue virus (DENV) is the leading mosquito-transmitted viral infection in the world. With more than 390 million new infections annually, and up to 1 million clinical cases with severe disease manifestations, there continues to be a need to develop new antiviral agents against dengue infection. In addition, there is no approved anti-DENV agents for treating DENV-infected patients. In the present study, we identified new compounds with anti-DENV replication activity by targeting viral replication enzymes–NS5, RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) and NS3 protease, using cell-based reporter assay. Subsequently, we performed an enzyme-based assay to clarify the action of these compounds against DENV RdRp or NS3 protease activity. Moreover, these compounds exhibited anti-DENV activity in vivo in the ICR-suckling DENV-infected mouse model. Combination drug treatment exhibited a synergistic inhibition of DENV replication. These results describe novel prototypical small anti-DENV molecules for further development through compound modification and provide potential antivirals for treating DENV infection and DENV-related diseases.
2017
Inglese
Pelliccia, S., Wu, Y. -., Coluccia, A., La Regina, G., Tseng, C. -., Famiglini, V., Masci, D., Hiscott, J., Lee, J. -., Silvestri, R., Inhibition of dengue virus replication by novel inhibitors of RNA-dependent RNA polymerase and protease activities, <<JOURNAL OF ENZYME INHIBITION AND MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY>>, 2017; 32 (1): 1091-1101. [doi:10.1080/14756366.2017.1355791] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/195405]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/195405
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