Antibiotic resistance represents a major threat worldwide. Gram-positive and Gram-negative opportunistic pathogens are becoming resistant to all known drugs mainly because of the overuse and misuse of these medications and the lack of new antibiotic development by the pharmaceutical industry. There is an urgent need to discover structurally innovative antibacterial agents for which no pre-existing resistance is known. This work describes the identification, synthesis and biological evaluation of a novel series of 1,5-diphenylpyrrole compounds active against a panel of ESKAPE bacteria. The new compounds show high activity against both wild type and drug-resistant Gram + ve and Gram-ve pathogens at concentrations similar or lower than levofloxacin. Microbiology studies revealed that the plausible target of the pyrrole derivatives is the bacterial DNA gyrase, with the pyrrole derivatives displaying similar inhibitory activity to levofloxacin against the wild type enzyme and retaining activity against the fluoroquinolone-resistant enzyme.

Masci, D., Hind, C., Islam, M. K., Toscani, A., Clifford, M., Coluccia, A., Conforti, I., Touitou, M., Memdouh, S., Wei, X., La Regina, G., Silvestri, R., Sutton, J. M., Castagnolo, D., Switching on the activity of 1,5-diaryl-pyrrole derivatives against drug-resistant ESKAPE bacteria: Structure-activity relationships and mode of action studies, <<EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY>>, 2019; 178 (September): 500-514. [doi:10.1016/j.ejmech.2019.05.087] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/195389]

Switching on the activity of 1,5-diaryl-pyrrole derivatives against drug-resistant ESKAPE bacteria: Structure-activity relationships and mode of action studies

Masci, Domiziana
Primo
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
2019

Abstract

Antibiotic resistance represents a major threat worldwide. Gram-positive and Gram-negative opportunistic pathogens are becoming resistant to all known drugs mainly because of the overuse and misuse of these medications and the lack of new antibiotic development by the pharmaceutical industry. There is an urgent need to discover structurally innovative antibacterial agents for which no pre-existing resistance is known. This work describes the identification, synthesis and biological evaluation of a novel series of 1,5-diphenylpyrrole compounds active against a panel of ESKAPE bacteria. The new compounds show high activity against both wild type and drug-resistant Gram + ve and Gram-ve pathogens at concentrations similar or lower than levofloxacin. Microbiology studies revealed that the plausible target of the pyrrole derivatives is the bacterial DNA gyrase, with the pyrrole derivatives displaying similar inhibitory activity to levofloxacin against the wild type enzyme and retaining activity against the fluoroquinolone-resistant enzyme.
2019
Inglese
Masci, D., Hind, C., Islam, M. K., Toscani, A., Clifford, M., Coluccia, A., Conforti, I., Touitou, M., Memdouh, S., Wei, X., La Regina, G., Silvestri, R., Sutton, J. M., Castagnolo, D., Switching on the activity of 1,5-diaryl-pyrrole derivatives against drug-resistant ESKAPE bacteria: Structure-activity relationships and mode of action studies, <<EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY>>, 2019; 178 (September): 500-514. [doi:10.1016/j.ejmech.2019.05.087] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/195389]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/195389
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