Signal transduction pathways transmit the information received from external and internal cues and generate a response that allows the cell to adapt to changes in the surrounding environment. Signaling pathways trigger rapid responses by changing the activity or localization of existing molecules, as well as long-term responses that require the activation of gene expression programs. All steps involved in the regulation of gene expression, from transcription to processing and utilization of new transcripts, are modulated by multiple signal transduction pathways. This review provides a broad overview of the post-translational regulation of factors involved in RNA processing events by signal transduction pathways, with particular focus on the regulation of pre-mRNA splicing, cleavage and polyadenylation. The effects of several post-translational modifications (i.e., sumoylation, ubiquitination, methylation, acetylation and phosphorylation) on the expression, subcellular localization, stability and affinity for RNA and protein partners of many RNA-binding proteins are highlighted. Moreover, examples of how some of the most common signal transduction pathways can modulate biological processes through changes in RNA processing regulation are illustrated. Lastly, we discuss challenges and opportunities of therapeutic approaches that correct RNA processing defects and target signaling molecules.

Ruta, V., Pagliarini, V., Sette, C., Coordination of RNA Processing Regulation by Signal Transduction Pathways, <<BIOMOLECULES>>, 2021; 2021 (11(10):1475): 1-35. [doi:10.3390/biom11101475] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/189781]

Coordination of RNA Processing Regulation by Signal Transduction Pathways

Ruta, Veronica
Primo
;
Pagliarini, Vittoria
Secondo
;
Sette, Claudio
Ultimo
2021

Abstract

Signal transduction pathways transmit the information received from external and internal cues and generate a response that allows the cell to adapt to changes in the surrounding environment. Signaling pathways trigger rapid responses by changing the activity or localization of existing molecules, as well as long-term responses that require the activation of gene expression programs. All steps involved in the regulation of gene expression, from transcription to processing and utilization of new transcripts, are modulated by multiple signal transduction pathways. This review provides a broad overview of the post-translational regulation of factors involved in RNA processing events by signal transduction pathways, with particular focus on the regulation of pre-mRNA splicing, cleavage and polyadenylation. The effects of several post-translational modifications (i.e., sumoylation, ubiquitination, methylation, acetylation and phosphorylation) on the expression, subcellular localization, stability and affinity for RNA and protein partners of many RNA-binding proteins are highlighted. Moreover, examples of how some of the most common signal transduction pathways can modulate biological processes through changes in RNA processing regulation are illustrated. Lastly, we discuss challenges and opportunities of therapeutic approaches that correct RNA processing defects and target signaling molecules.
Inglese
Ruta, V., Pagliarini, V., Sette, C., Coordination of RNA Processing Regulation by Signal Transduction Pathways, <<BIOMOLECULES>>, 2021; 2021 (11(10):1475): 1-35. [doi:10.3390/biom11101475] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/189781]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/189781
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