Background: Surgical treatment of anal fistulas is still a challenge. The aims of this study were to evaluate the adoption and healing rates for the different surgical techniques used in Italy over the past 15 years. Methods: This was a multicenter retrospective observational study of patients affected by simple and complex anal fistulas of cryptoglandular origin who were surgically treated in the period 2003–2017. Surgical techniques were grouped as sphincter-cutting or sphincter-sparing and as technology-assisted or techno-free. All patients included in the study were followed for at least 12 months. Results: A total of 9,536 patients (5,520 simple; 4,016 complex fistulas) entered the study. For simple fistulas, fistulotomy was the most frequently used procedure, although its adoption significantly decreased over the years (P < .0005), with an increase in sphincter-sparing approaches; the overall healing rate in simple fistulas was 81.1%, with a significant difference between sphincter-cutting (91.9%) and sphincter-sparing (65.1%) techniques (P = .001). For complex fistulas, the adoption of sphincter-cutting approaches decreased, while sphincter-sparing techniques were mildly preferred (P < .0005). Moreover, there was a significant trend toward the use of technology-assisted procedures. The overall healing rate for complex fistulas was 69.0%, with a measurable difference between sphincter-cutting (81.1%) and sphincter-sparing (61.4%; P = .001) techniques and between techno-free and technology-assisted techniques (72.5% and 55.0%, respectively; P = .001). Conclusion: Surgical treatment of anal fistulas has changed, with a trend toward the use of sphincter-sparing techniques. The overall cure rate has remained stable, even if the most innovative procedures have achieved a lower success rate.

Litta, F., Bracchitta, S., Naldini, G., Mistrangelo, M., Tricomi, N., La Torre, M., Altomare, D. F., Mozzon, M., Testa, A., Zigiotto, D., Sica, G., Tutino, R., Lisi, G., Marino, F., Luglio, G., Vergari, R., Terrosu, G., Cantarella, F., Foti, N., Giuliani, A., Moroni, R., Ratto, C., Parello, A., De Simone, V., Bracchitta, L., Sturiale, A., Lo Secco, G., Salomone, S., Velci, L., Picciariello, A., Papagni, V., Caponnetto, F., Folliero, C., Cozza, T., Leopardi, F., Campanelli, M., Divizia, A., Cocorullo, G., D'agostino, E., Boccuzzi, M., Pezzolla, F., Pagano, G., Mancini, S., Ortenzi, M., Calandra, S., Scarpa, E., Magni, E., Campanile, F. C., Romano, L., Maffione, F., Tierno, S. M., Peltrini, R., FISSIT (Fistula Surgery in Italy) study: A retrospective survey on the surgical management of anal fistulas in Italy over the last 15 years, <<SURGERY>>, 2021; 2021 (aprile): N/A-N/A. [doi:10.1016/j.surg.2021.02.055] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/179264]

FISSIT (Fistula Surgery in Italy) study: A retrospective survey on the surgical management of anal fistulas in Italy over the last 15 years

Litta, F.;La Torre, M.;Testa, A.;Marino, F.;Giuliani, A.;Ratto, C.;Parello, A.;Mancini, S.;Magni, E.;
2021

Abstract

Background: Surgical treatment of anal fistulas is still a challenge. The aims of this study were to evaluate the adoption and healing rates for the different surgical techniques used in Italy over the past 15 years. Methods: This was a multicenter retrospective observational study of patients affected by simple and complex anal fistulas of cryptoglandular origin who were surgically treated in the period 2003–2017. Surgical techniques were grouped as sphincter-cutting or sphincter-sparing and as technology-assisted or techno-free. All patients included in the study were followed for at least 12 months. Results: A total of 9,536 patients (5,520 simple; 4,016 complex fistulas) entered the study. For simple fistulas, fistulotomy was the most frequently used procedure, although its adoption significantly decreased over the years (P < .0005), with an increase in sphincter-sparing approaches; the overall healing rate in simple fistulas was 81.1%, with a significant difference between sphincter-cutting (91.9%) and sphincter-sparing (65.1%) techniques (P = .001). For complex fistulas, the adoption of sphincter-cutting approaches decreased, while sphincter-sparing techniques were mildly preferred (P < .0005). Moreover, there was a significant trend toward the use of technology-assisted procedures. The overall healing rate for complex fistulas was 69.0%, with a measurable difference between sphincter-cutting (81.1%) and sphincter-sparing (61.4%; P = .001) techniques and between techno-free and technology-assisted techniques (72.5% and 55.0%, respectively; P = .001). Conclusion: Surgical treatment of anal fistulas has changed, with a trend toward the use of sphincter-sparing techniques. The overall cure rate has remained stable, even if the most innovative procedures have achieved a lower success rate.
Inglese
Litta, F., Bracchitta, S., Naldini, G., Mistrangelo, M., Tricomi, N., La Torre, M., Altomare, D. F., Mozzon, M., Testa, A., Zigiotto, D., Sica, G., Tutino, R., Lisi, G., Marino, F., Luglio, G., Vergari, R., Terrosu, G., Cantarella, F., Foti, N., Giuliani, A., Moroni, R., Ratto, C., Parello, A., De Simone, V., Bracchitta, L., Sturiale, A., Lo Secco, G., Salomone, S., Velci, L., Picciariello, A., Papagni, V., Caponnetto, F., Folliero, C., Cozza, T., Leopardi, F., Campanelli, M., Divizia, A., Cocorullo, G., D'agostino, E., Boccuzzi, M., Pezzolla, F., Pagano, G., Mancini, S., Ortenzi, M., Calandra, S., Scarpa, E., Magni, E., Campanile, F. C., Romano, L., Maffione, F., Tierno, S. M., Peltrini, R., FISSIT (Fistula Surgery in Italy) study: A retrospective survey on the surgical management of anal fistulas in Italy over the last 15 years, <<SURGERY>>, 2021; 2021 (aprile): N/A-N/A. [doi:10.1016/j.surg.2021.02.055] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/179264]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10807/179264
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